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Air Pollution Health Risk Assessment (AP-HRA), Principles and Applications

1
Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan
2
China-UK Low Carbon College, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1935; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041935
Received: 28 January 2021 / Revised: 10 February 2021 / Accepted: 11 February 2021 / Published: 17 February 2021
Air pollution is a major public health problem. A significant number of epidemiological studies have found a correlation between air quality and a wide variety of adverse health impacts emphasizing a considerable role of air pollution in the disease burden in the general population ranging from subclinical effects to premature death. Health risk assessment of air quality can play a key role at individual and global health promotion and disease prevention levels. The Air Pollution Health Risk Assessment (AP-HRA) forecasts the expected health effect of policies impacting air quality under the various policy, environmental and socio-economic circumstances, making it a key tool for guiding public policy decisions. This paper presents the concept of AP-HRA and offers an outline for the proper conducting of AP-HRA for different scenarios, explaining in broad terms how the health hazards of air emissions and their origins are measured and how air pollution-related impacts are quantified. In this paper, seven widely used AP-HRA tools will be deeply explored, taking into account their spatial resolution, technological factors, pollutants addressed, geographical scale, quantified health effects, method of classification, and operational characteristics. Finally, a comparative analysis of the proposed tools will be conducted, using the SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) method. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution exposure; health risk; air pollution aseessment tools; concentration-response functions air pollution exposure; health risk; air pollution aseessment tools; concentration-response functions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hassan Bhat, T.; Jiawen, G.; Farzaneh, H. Air Pollution Health Risk Assessment (AP-HRA), Principles and Applications. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1935. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041935

AMA Style

Hassan Bhat T, Jiawen G, Farzaneh H. Air Pollution Health Risk Assessment (AP-HRA), Principles and Applications. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1935. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041935

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hassan Bhat, Tavoos, Guo Jiawen, and Hooman Farzaneh. 2021. "Air Pollution Health Risk Assessment (AP-HRA), Principles and Applications" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1935. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041935

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