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Article

People with Disabilities in the Workplace: Results of a Survey Conducted among Polish and Finnish Employers

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Department of Econometrics and Operational Research, Wroclaw University of Economics and Business, 53-345 Wrocław, Poland
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Department of Logistics, Wroclaw University of Economics and Business, 53-345 Wrocław, Poland
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Department of Statistics, Wroclaw University of Economics and Business, 53-345 Wrocław, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Miriam Sánchez-SanSegundo and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10934; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010934
Received: 19 August 2021 / Revised: 11 October 2021 / Accepted: 15 October 2021 / Published: 18 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Diagnosis and Advances in Research on Human Behavior)
The key aspect of the inclusion of people with disabilities (PwD) in the workplace is how they are perceived by employers who make decisions on hiring employees. The article presents the results of CAWI (Computer Assisted Web Interview) research conducted among Polish and Finnish employers (n = 414) in 2021 using a proprietary questionnaire. Employers were asked to assess the state policy in the field of PwD’s inclusion, the social atmosphere in this respect, the level of acceptance of privileges/special solutions dedicated to PwD in the workplace and the knowledge of the specificity of disability. When analysing the obtained data, we verified the differentiation of Polish and Finnish employers’ assessments, the impact of respondents’ characteristics on their assessment and the relations between the assessments of various aspects of PwD’s inclusion. For the analysis, we used the t-test of independent samples for equality of means and the Pearson correlation coefficient. The results showed that Finnish respondents assess the conditions for the full inclusion of PwD much better than Polish ones. The characteristics most differentiating employers’ assessments is gender and the fact of employing PwD. There were also correlations between the responses of respondents in both countries to three out of four analysed questions from the questionnaire. The differences found in this study indicate that it would be worth extending the research to other European countries to generalize conclusions about the influence of cultural determinants on the situation of PwD on the labour market. View Full-Text
Keywords: disability; inclusive employment; quantitative research; employers’ opinions disability; inclusive employment; quantitative research; employers’ opinions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grześkowiak, A.; Załuska, U.; Kwiatkowska-Ciotucha, D.; Kozyra, C. People with Disabilities in the Workplace: Results of a Survey Conducted among Polish and Finnish Employers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10934. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010934

AMA Style

Grześkowiak A, Załuska U, Kwiatkowska-Ciotucha D, Kozyra C. People with Disabilities in the Workplace: Results of a Survey Conducted among Polish and Finnish Employers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10934. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010934

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grześkowiak, Alicja, Urszula Załuska, Dorota Kwiatkowska-Ciotucha, and Cyprian Kozyra. 2021. "People with Disabilities in the Workplace: Results of a Survey Conducted among Polish and Finnish Employers" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10934. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010934

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