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Article

Profiles of Resilience among Children Exposed to Non-Maltreatment Adverse Childhood Experiences

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College of Social Work, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
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Quantitative Research, Evaluation and Measurement, College of Education and Human Ecology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
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School of Social Work, Falk College, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA
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Department of Psychology, The University of the South, Sewanee, TN 37383, USA
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Life Paths Research Center, Sewanee, TN 37375, USA
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Department of Human Sciences, College of Education and Human Ecology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10600; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010600
Received: 27 August 2021 / Revised: 4 October 2021 / Accepted: 7 October 2021 / Published: 10 October 2021
Considering the high prevalence and negative consequences of non-maltreatment adverse childhood experiences (NM-ACEs), it is critical to understand their impacts on the resilient functioning of young children. This study sought to examine heterogeneity in resilience among first-grade children who were exposed to NM-ACEs during kindergarten and explore demographic and adversity characteristics that distinguish between resilience profiles. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was conducted on 4929 children drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study—Kindergarten (ECLS-K). The results of the LPA revealed four distinct resilience profiles: (1) low cognitive and executive functioning (4%); (2) low social and behavioral functioning (14%); (3) low average functioning (31%); and (4) multi-domain resilience (51%). Female children and those in families characterized by older maternal age, higher parental education level, household income above 200% federal poverty level, not receiving welfare benefits, and races other than Black were more likely to be in the multi-domain resilience profile. The findings highlight heterogeneity in resilience among children exposed to NM-ACEs and point to the need for a comprehensive, multi-domain assessment of child functioning to support optimal resilience development in this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; adverse childhood experiences (ACEs); kindergarten; children; latent profile analysis resilience; adverse childhood experiences (ACEs); kindergarten; children; latent profile analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yoon, S.; Helsabeck, N.; Wang, X.; Logan, J.; Pei, F.; Hamby, S.; Slesnick, N. Profiles of Resilience among Children Exposed to Non-Maltreatment Adverse Childhood Experiences. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10600. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010600

AMA Style

Yoon S, Helsabeck N, Wang X, Logan J, Pei F, Hamby S, Slesnick N. Profiles of Resilience among Children Exposed to Non-Maltreatment Adverse Childhood Experiences. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10600. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010600

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yoon, Susan, Nathan Helsabeck, Xiafei Wang, Jessica Logan, Fei Pei, Sherry Hamby, and Natasha Slesnick. 2021. "Profiles of Resilience among Children Exposed to Non-Maltreatment Adverse Childhood Experiences" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10600. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010600

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