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Open AccessArticle

Analysis of Gait for Disease Stage in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease

Research Group HealthyFit, Institute of Health Research Galicia Sur (IISGS), Hospital University Complex of Pontevedra (CHOP), SERGAS, University of Vigo, 36310 Pontevedra, Spain
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 720; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020720
Received: 14 December 2020 / Revised: 7 January 2021 / Accepted: 13 January 2021 / Published: 15 January 2021
Understanding the motor patterns underlying the movement of individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD) is fundamental to the effective targeting of non-pharmacological therapies. This study aimed to analyze the gait pattern in relation to the evolutionary stages I–II and III–IV according to the Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) scale in individuals affected by PD. The study was conducted with the participation of 37 PD patients with a mean age of 70.09 ± 9.53 years, and of whom 48.64% were women. The inclusion criteria were (1) to be diagnosed with PD; (2) to be in an evolutionary stage of the disease between I and IV: and (3) to be able to walk independently and without any assistance. Kinematic and spatial-temporal parameters of the gait were analyzed. The results showed differences in speed of movement, cadence, stride length, support duration, swing duration, step width, walking cycle duration, and double support time between the stages analyzed. These results confirmed the differences in PD gait pattern between stages I–II and III–IV. Different behaviors of the same variable were recorded depending on whether the right or left side was affected by PD. View Full-Text
Keywords: locomotion disorder; cadence; gait oscillation; speed of movement; neurodegenerative disease locomotion disorder; cadence; gait oscillation; speed of movement; neurodegenerative disease
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vila, M.H.; Pérez, R.; Mollinedo, I.; Cancela, J.M. Analysis of Gait for Disease Stage in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 720. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020720

AMA Style

Vila MH, Pérez R, Mollinedo I, Cancela JM. Analysis of Gait for Disease Stage in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):720. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020720

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vila, Mᵃ H.; Pérez, Rocío; Mollinedo, Irimia; Cancela, José M. 2021. "Analysis of Gait for Disease Stage in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 2: 720. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020720

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