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Article

Association between Birth Plan Use and Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Southern Spain: A Case-Control Study

1
Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba (IMIBIC), 14004 Córdoba, Spain
2
Departamento de Enfermería, Farmacología y Fisioterapia, Universidad de Córdoba, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
3
Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 456; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020456
Received: 27 November 2020 / Revised: 25 December 2020 / Accepted: 5 January 2021 / Published: 8 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Women’s Empowerment and Women’s Health Outcomes)
Background: Birth plans are used for pregnant women to express their wishes and expectations about childbirth. The aim of this study was to compare obstetric and neonatal outcomes between women with and without birth plans. Methods: A multicentre, retrospective case–control study at tertiary hospitals in southern Spain between 2009 and 2013 was conducted. A total of 457 pregnant women were included, 178 with and 279 without birth plans. Women with low-risk gestation, at full-term and having been in labour were included. Sociodemographic, obstetric and neonatal variables were analysed and comparisons were established. Results: Women with birth plans were older, more educated and more commonly primiparous. Caesarean sections were less common in primiparous women with birth plans (18% vs. 29%, p = 0.027); however, no significant differences were found in instrumented births, 3rd–4th-degree tears or episiotomy rates. Newborns of primiparous women with birth plans obtained better results on 1 min Apgar scores, umbilical cord pH and advanced neonatal resuscitation. No significant differences were found on 5 min Apgar scores or other variables for multiparous women. Conclusions: Birth plans were related to less intervention, a more natural process of birth and better outcomes for mothers and newborns. Birth plans can improve the welfare of the mother and newborn, leading to birth in a more natural way. View Full-Text
Keywords: birth plan; natural childbirth; newborn; maternal and child health birth plan; natural childbirth; newborn; maternal and child health
MDPI and ACS Style

Hidalgo-Lopezosa, P.; Cubero-Luna, A.M.; Jiménez-Ruz, A.; Hidalgo-Maestre, M.; Rodríguez-Borrego, M.A.; López-Soto, P.J. Association between Birth Plan Use and Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Southern Spain: A Case-Control Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020456

AMA Style

Hidalgo-Lopezosa P, Cubero-Luna AM, Jiménez-Ruz A, Hidalgo-Maestre M, Rodríguez-Borrego MA, López-Soto PJ. Association between Birth Plan Use and Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Southern Spain: A Case-Control Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020456

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hidalgo-Lopezosa, Pedro, Ana M. Cubero-Luna, Andrea Jiménez-Ruz, María Hidalgo-Maestre, María A. Rodríguez-Borrego, and Pablo J. López-Soto. 2021. "Association between Birth Plan Use and Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Southern Spain: A Case-Control Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020456

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