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Article

Improving Healthy Aging by Monitoring Patients’ Lifestyle through a Wearable Device: Results of a Feasibility Study

1
Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
2
Department of Public Health and Pediatrics, University of Turin, 10126 Turin, Italy
3
Group of Primary Care of Vigonovo, Unità Locale Socio-Sanitaria ULSS 3 Serenissima, 30030 Vigonovo, Italy
4
Group of Primary Care of Quarto D’Altino, Unità Locale Socio-Sanitaria ULSS 3 Serenissima, 30020 Quarto d’Altino, Italy
5
Group of Primary Care of Martellago, Unità Locale Socio-Sanitaria ULSS 3 Serenissima, 30030 Martellago, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Maria Fioranzato and Rosanna I. Comoretto contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Marco Guicciardi
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9806; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189806
Received: 31 July 2021 / Revised: 15 September 2021 / Accepted: 15 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life)
Population aging is related to a huge growth in healthcare and welfare costs. Therefore, wearable devices could be strategic for minimizing years of disability in old age and monitoring patients’ lifestyles and health. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of using smart devices to monitor patients’ physical activity in a primary care setting. To assess the acceptance of this novel technology from the point of view of both patients and healthcare professionals, two questionnaires (one paper-based and one ex-novo developed) were administered to 11 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and a non-compliant behavior towards the therapeutic indications of their general practitioner (GP). Seven participants would continue to use a wearable activity tracker to monitor their health. We observed that 75% of patients reported a device’s characteristics satisfaction level of over 80% of the total score assigned to this dimension. No differences were observed in the questionnaire’s scores between the two professionals categories (GPs and nurses). Three dimensions (equipment characteristics, subjective norm, perceived risks, perceived ease-of-use and facilitating conditions) correlated > 0.5 with the device’s acceptability level. Some weak correlations were observed between healthcare professionals’ perception and patients’ parameters, particularly between the dimensions of collaboration and web interface ease-of-use and patients’ median number of steps and hours of sleep. In conclusion, despite the limited number of subjects involved, a good acceptance level towards these non-medical devices was observed, according to both patients’ and healthcare professionals’ impressions. View Full-Text
Keywords: wearable device; feasibility study; lifestyle monitoring wearable device; feasibility study; lifestyle monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fioranzato, M.; Comoretto, R.I.; Lanera, C.; Pressato, L.; Palmisano, G.; Barbacane, L.; Gregori, D. Improving Healthy Aging by Monitoring Patients’ Lifestyle through a Wearable Device: Results of a Feasibility Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9806. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189806

AMA Style

Fioranzato M, Comoretto RI, Lanera C, Pressato L, Palmisano G, Barbacane L, Gregori D. Improving Healthy Aging by Monitoring Patients’ Lifestyle through a Wearable Device: Results of a Feasibility Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9806. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189806

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fioranzato, Maria, Rosanna I. Comoretto, Corrado Lanera, Lamberto Pressato, Giuseppe Palmisano, Luca Barbacane, and Dario Gregori. 2021. "Improving Healthy Aging by Monitoring Patients’ Lifestyle through a Wearable Device: Results of a Feasibility Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9806. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189806

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