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Article

Homeworking, Well-Being and the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Diary Study

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University of Leicester Business School, Leicester LE2 1RQ, UK
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Norwich Business School, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
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University of Exeter Business School, Exeter EX4 4PU, UK
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School of History, Politics and International Relations, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
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Alliance Manchester Business School, University of Manchester, Manchester M15 6PB, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7575; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147575
Received: 27 May 2021 / Revised: 28 June 2021 / Accepted: 29 June 2021 / Published: 16 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art of Occupational Safety and Health in UK)
As a response to the COVID-19 pandemic, many governments encouraged or mandated homeworking wherever possible. This study examines the impact of this public health initiative on homeworkers’ well-being. It explores if the general factors such as job autonomy, demands, social support and work–nonwork conflict, which under normal circumstances are crucial for employees’ well-being, are outweighed by factors specific to homeworking and the pandemic as predictors of well-being. Using data from four-week diary studies conducted at two time periods in 2020 involving university employees in the UK, we assessed five factors that may be associated with their well-being: job characteristics, the work–home interface, home location, the enforced nature of the homeworking, and the pandemic context. Multi-level analysis confirms the relationship between four of the five factors and variability in within-person well-being, the exception being variables connected to the enforced homeworking. The results are very similar in both waves. A smaller set of variables explained between-person variability: psychological detachment, loneliness and job insecurity in both periods. Well-being was lower in the second than the first wave, as loneliness increased and the ability to detach from work declined. The findings highlight downsides of homeworking, will be relevant for employees’ and employers’ decisions about working arrangements post-pandemic, and contribute to the debate about the limits of employee well-being models centred on job characteristics. View Full-Text
Keywords: homeworking; covid-19 pandemic: job autonomy; social support; work–nonwork conflict; detachment from work; loneliness homeworking; covid-19 pandemic: job autonomy; social support; work–nonwork conflict; detachment from work; loneliness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wood, S.J.; Michaelides, G.; Inceoglu, I.; Hurren, E.T.; Daniels, K.; Niven, K. Homeworking, Well-Being and the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Diary Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7575. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147575

AMA Style

Wood SJ, Michaelides G, Inceoglu I, Hurren ET, Daniels K, Niven K. Homeworking, Well-Being and the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Diary Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7575. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147575

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wood, Stephen J., George Michaelides, Ilke Inceoglu, Elizabeth T. Hurren, Kevin Daniels, and Karen Niven. 2021. "Homeworking, Well-Being and the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Diary Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7575. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147575

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