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Association of Alcohol Drinking Patterns with Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components in Korean Adults: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016–2018

1
Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, Korea University, Sejong 30019, Korea
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Stefano Ballestri and Ike Okosun
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6433; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126433
Received: 7 April 2021 / Revised: 2 June 2021 / Accepted: 11 June 2021 / Published: 14 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
This study examined the association of alcohol drinking patterns with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in a nationally representative sample of South Korean adults. The cross-sectional study included 12,830 current drinkers (6438 men and 6392 women) who were at least 20 years old. Measures of alcohol drinking patterns included average drinking frequency, usual quantity, and binge drinking frequency over the past year. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for MetS and its components according to alcohol drinking patterns, and also to examine linear trends in these relationships. The prevalence of MetS was 1822 (26.2%) in men and 1313 (17.5%) in women. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, drinking quantity and binge drinking frequency were positively associated with MetS in both sexes. Regarding components of MetS, while the risk of low HDL cholesterol decreased as drinking frequency increased, other MetS components (abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, and impaired fasting glucose) worsened. Our results suggest that separate management of each component of MetS will be required to protect cardio-metabolic health, and a healthy drinking culture that refrains from binge drinking should be established in the context of public health. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol consumption; alcohol drinking patterns; metabolic syndrome; epidemiology alcohol consumption; alcohol drinking patterns; metabolic syndrome; epidemiology
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, S.W.; Jang, S.-I. Association of Alcohol Drinking Patterns with Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components in Korean Adults: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016–2018. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6433. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126433

AMA Style

Lee SW, Jang S-I. Association of Alcohol Drinking Patterns with Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components in Korean Adults: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016–2018. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6433. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126433

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Seung W., and Sung-In Jang. 2021. "Association of Alcohol Drinking Patterns with Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components in Korean Adults: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016–2018" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6433. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126433

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