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Article

The Implementation of Childhood Obesity Related Policy Interventions in Malaysia—A Non Communicable Diseases Scorecard Project

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South East Asia Community Observatory (SEACO), Monash University Malaysia, Subang Jaya 47500, Malaysia
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Global Public Health, Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Malaysia, Subang Jaya 47500, Malaysia
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Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence-Based Practice, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 43600, Malaysia
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Disease Control Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Putrajaya 62590, Malaysia
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Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Shah Alam 40170, Malaysia
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Asia-Europe Institute, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David Berrigan
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5950; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115950
Received: 3 May 2021 / Revised: 25 May 2021 / Accepted: 25 May 2021 / Published: 1 June 2021
(1) Background: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children has increased tremendously in the ASEAN region, including Malaysia. In Malaysia, the National Strategic Plan for Non-Communicable Diseases (2015–2025) provides the overall framework for its response to the non-communicable diseases (NCD) epidemic. Preventing childhood obesity is one of the key strategies for early intervention to prevent NCDs. The objective of this research is to examine the current status of policy interventions in addressing childhood obesity in Malaysia. (2) Methods: A panel of 22 stakeholders and experts from Malaysia, representing the government, industry, academia and non-governmental organizations, were sampled using a modified Delphi technique. Data were collected using a modified NCD scorecard under four domains (governance, risk factors, surveillance and research and health systems response). A heat map was used to measure the success of the four realms of the NCD scorecard. For each domain of the NCD scorecard, the final score was grouped in quintiles. (3) Results: A total of 22 participants responded, comprising of eight (36.4%) males and 14 (63.4%) females. All the domains measured in implementing policies related to childhood obesity were of low progress. Nine governance indicators were reported as 22.5% (low progress), four in the risk factors domain, and two in the surveillance. This shows that timely and accurate monitoring, participatory review and evaluation, and effective remedies are necessary for a country’s surveillance system. (4) Conclusion: Although Malaysia has published several key strategic documents relating to childhood obesity and implemented numerous policy interventions, we have identified several gaps that must be addressed to leverage the whole-of-government and whole-of-society approach in addressing childhood obesity in the country. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood obesity; Malaysia; policy interventions childhood obesity; Malaysia; policy interventions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mok, W.K.H.; Hairi, N.N.; Chan, C.M.H.; Mustapha, F.I.; Saminathan, T.A.; Low, W.Y. The Implementation of Childhood Obesity Related Policy Interventions in Malaysia—A Non Communicable Diseases Scorecard Project. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5950. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115950

AMA Style

Mok WKH, Hairi NN, Chan CMH, Mustapha FI, Saminathan TA, Low WY. The Implementation of Childhood Obesity Related Policy Interventions in Malaysia—A Non Communicable Diseases Scorecard Project. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):5950. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115950

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mok, Wilfred K.H., Noran N. Hairi, Caryn M.H. Chan, Feisul I. Mustapha, Thamil A. Saminathan, and Wah Y. Low. 2021. "The Implementation of Childhood Obesity Related Policy Interventions in Malaysia—A Non Communicable Diseases Scorecard Project" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 5950. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115950

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