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Insights into the Predictors of Attitude toward Entomophagy: The Potential Role of Health Literacy: A Cross-Sectional Study Conducted in a Sample of Students of the University of Florence

1
Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, v.le Morgagni 48, 50134 Florence, Italy
2
School of Specialization in Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, University of Florence, v.le Morgagni 48, 50134 Florence, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5306; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105306
Received: 10 March 2021 / Revised: 3 May 2021 / Accepted: 13 May 2021 / Published: 17 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Literacy, Nutrition and Public Health)
In Western countries, one of the main barriers to entomophagy is repulsion toward insects. Few studies have investigated the factors that influence attitudes toward entomophagy. Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional study involving a sample of 248 university students, focusing on disgust and other potential attributes that can influence insect consumption, including health literacy. We used a 17-item self-administered questionnaire. Consistent with the literature, two items were chosen as outcome variables to evaluate the predictors of the propensity to consume insects: “Have you ever eaten insects or insect-based products?” and “How disgusting do you find eating insects?” The data analysis shows that having already eaten insects is inversely associated with the level of disgust (OR: 0.1, p < 0.01); and it is positively associated with higher levels of health literacy (OR: 3.66, p > 0.01). Additionally, having some knowledge and information about entomophagy is inversely associated with a higher level of disgust (OR: 0.44, p = 0.03 and OR: 0.25, p = 0.03, respectively), while being female is positively associated with disgust (OR: 3.26, p < 0.01). Our results suggest the potential role of health literacy, in addition to other factors, in influencing the willingness to taste insects. However, further studies involving larger and non-convenience samples are needed to confirm our hypothesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition; food literacy; food security; environment; survey; entomophagy nutrition; food literacy; food security; environment; survey; entomophagy
MDPI and ACS Style

Lorini, C.; Ricotta, L.; Vettori, V.; Del Riccio, M.; Biamonte, M.A.; Bonaccorsi, G. Insights into the Predictors of Attitude toward Entomophagy: The Potential Role of Health Literacy: A Cross-Sectional Study Conducted in a Sample of Students of the University of Florence. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5306. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105306

AMA Style

Lorini C, Ricotta L, Vettori V, Del Riccio M, Biamonte MA, Bonaccorsi G. Insights into the Predictors of Attitude toward Entomophagy: The Potential Role of Health Literacy: A Cross-Sectional Study Conducted in a Sample of Students of the University of Florence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5306. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105306

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lorini, Chiara; Ricotta, Laura; Vettori, Virginia; Del Riccio, Marco; Biamonte, Massimiliano A.; Bonaccorsi, Guglielmo. 2021. "Insights into the Predictors of Attitude toward Entomophagy: The Potential Role of Health Literacy: A Cross-Sectional Study Conducted in a Sample of Students of the University of Florence" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 10: 5306. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105306

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