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Review

Caring for Mothers: A Narrative Review on Interpersonal Violence and Peripartum Mental Health

1
Department of Psychiatry, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario “Agostino Gemelli” IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy
2
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Mental Health, Health Local Unit ASL ROMA 2, 00159 Rome, Italy
4
Service of Clinical Psychology, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario “Agostino Gemelli” IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
First and Second Author equally contributed to this paper.
Academic Editor: Mary V. Seeman
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5281; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105281
Received: 24 April 2021 / Revised: 13 May 2021 / Accepted: 14 May 2021 / Published: 16 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Frontiers in Perinatal Mental Health)
Interpersonal violence in the perinatal period is frequent and should be considered a prominent health issue due to the risk of escalation of violence and the significant impact on mothers’ parenting after childbirth. Domestic violence during pregnancy can be associated with fatal and non-fatal adverse health outcomes due to the direct trauma to a pregnant woman’s body and to the effect of stress on fetal growth and development. Emotional violence is a risk factor for prenatal and/or postpartum depression. Recent studies focusing on abusive situations during peripartum and possible preventive strategies were identified in PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Embase, and ScienceDirect. All of the available literature was retrospectively reviewed with a special attention to peer-reviewed publications from the last ten years. Results of the present narrative review suggest that perinatal health care professionals (general practitioners, gynecologists, obstetricians, psychologists, psychiatrists) should promptly detect interpersonal violence during and after pregnancy and provide health care for pregnant women. It seems pivotal to guarantee psychological care for abused women before, during, and after pregnancy in order to prevent the risk of depressive symptoms, other mental or physical sequelae, and mother-to-infant bonding failure. There is an urgent need for multifaceted interventions: programs should focus on several risk factors and should design tailored care pathways fitted to the specific needs of women and finalized to support them across the lifespan. View Full-Text
Keywords: depression; perinatal women; postpartum; pregnancy; violence; personalized medicine depression; perinatal women; postpartum; pregnancy; violence; personalized medicine
MDPI and ACS Style

Mazza, M.; Caroppo, E.; Marano, G.; Chieffo, D.; Moccia, L.; Janiri, D.; Rinaldi, L.; Janiri, L.; Sani, G. Caring for Mothers: A Narrative Review on Interpersonal Violence and Peripartum Mental Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5281. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105281

AMA Style

Mazza M, Caroppo E, Marano G, Chieffo D, Moccia L, Janiri D, Rinaldi L, Janiri L, Sani G. Caring for Mothers: A Narrative Review on Interpersonal Violence and Peripartum Mental Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5281. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105281

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mazza, Marianna; Caroppo, Emanuele; Marano, Giuseppe; Chieffo, Daniela; Moccia, Lorenzo; Janiri, Delfina; Rinaldi, Lucio; Janiri, Luigi; Sani, Gabriele. 2021. "Caring for Mothers: A Narrative Review on Interpersonal Violence and Peripartum Mental Health" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 10: 5281. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105281

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