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Open AccessArticle

Understanding Alternatives to Tobacco Production in Kenya: A Qualitative Analysis at the Sub-National Level

Faculty of Medicine, School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, 3630 Promenade Sir William Osler, Montreal, QC H3G 1Y5, Canada
School of Economics, University of Nairobi, Nairobi 30197, Kenya
Economic and Health Policy Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 2033;
Received: 26 January 2020 / Revised: 13 March 2020 / Accepted: 16 March 2020 / Published: 19 March 2020
Tobacco is a key cash crop for many farmers in Kenya, although there is a variety of challenges associated with tobacco production. This study seeks to understand alternatives to tobacco production from the perspective of government officials, extension officers, and farmers at the sub-national level (Migori, Busia, and Meru) in Kenya. The study analyzes data from qualitative key-informant interviews with government officials and extension officers (n = 9) and focus group discussions (FGDs) with farmers (n = 5). Data were coded according to pre-identified categories derived from the research aim, namely, opportunities and challenges of tobacco farming and alternative crops, as well findings that illustrate the policy environment that shapes the agricultural context in these regions. We highlight important factors associated with the production of non-tobacco agricultural commodities, including the factors that shape the ability of these non-agricultural commodities to serve as viable alternatives to tobacco. The results highlight the effect that several factors, including access to capital, markets, and governmental assistance, have on farmer decisions. The results additionally display the structured policy approaches that are being promoted in governmental offices towards agricultural production, as well as the institutional shortcomings that inhibit their implementation at the sub-national level. View Full-Text
Keywords: tobacco control; public policy; agriculture; tobacco farming tobacco control; public policy; agriculture; tobacco farming
MDPI and ACS Style

Clark, M.; Magati, P.; Drope, J.; Labonte, R.; Lencucha, R. Understanding Alternatives to Tobacco Production in Kenya: A Qualitative Analysis at the Sub-National Level. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2033.

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