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Improving Education and Training of Dutch Major Hazard Control Inspectors: A 15 Years Longitudinal Case Study

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Delft University of Technology, TPM Safety & Security Science Group, 2628 BX Delft, The Netherlands
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Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment, Interdepartmental LOP-team, 2511 VX The Hague, The Netherlands
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ARGoSS, Faculty of Applied Economics, University of Antwerp, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
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CEDON, Campus Brussels, Faculty of Economics and Management, KU Leuven, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 1959; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061959
Received: 8 February 2020 / Revised: 10 March 2020 / Accepted: 12 March 2020 / Published: 17 March 2020
The education and training program for inspectors of Major Accident Hazard Establishments, specifically the EC Seveso III directive implicated Dutch chemical companies, changed considerably over a fifteen year period. This longitudinal, time-series cross sectional case study describes the development of the education and training program for Major Hazard Control inspectors, acting as regulators from the Labour inspectorate, belonging to the Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment. A blueprint had to be constructed in order to assess the development and quality of this program in four cross sections over time. The description highlights both the safety related content and the regulator skills parts of the program in its changing context. Professional standards, educational objectives, quality of education, evaluation method, education change process and the response to the dynamic operational environment were examined. The main findings are that the education and training program kept the same main structure over the time period while its contents were adapted to respond to external context changes. Internal evaluation of performance data and education style led to a shift in contents from theoretical knowledge towards safety management and inspection practice oriented experience related knowledge. An active teaching style, increased usage of professional standards and more systematic evaluation, starting from the blue print in this study, offer the best opportunities for further improvement. Current insights on regulatory performance lead to a recommended future perspective for the inspectors’ role to be translated into education and training: balancing empathy, inquisitiveness and support with control and enforcement, or rather: exert tough love, staying between too soft and too hard. View Full-Text
Keywords: regulator; inspector education and training; major accident hazard establishment; Seveso III directive regulator; inspector education and training; major accident hazard establishment; Seveso III directive
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lindhout, P.; van der Werff, K.; Reniers, G.L.L.M.E. Improving Education and Training of Dutch Major Hazard Control Inspectors: A 15 Years Longitudinal Case Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1959. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061959

AMA Style

Lindhout P, van der Werff K, Reniers GLLME. Improving Education and Training of Dutch Major Hazard Control Inspectors: A 15 Years Longitudinal Case Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(6):1959. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061959

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lindhout, Paul, Karel van der Werff, and Genserik L.L.M.E. Reniers 2020. "Improving Education and Training of Dutch Major Hazard Control Inspectors: A 15 Years Longitudinal Case Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 6: 1959. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061959

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