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Review

Psychological Health and Physical Activity Levels during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review

1
Faculty of Education, Universitat de Barcelona, 08035 Barcelona, Spain
2
Faculty of Education, Universidad Internacional de la Rioja, 08014 Barcelona, Spain
3
Department of Computer Engineering and Systems, Universidad de la Laguna, 38293 La Laguna, Spain
4
Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
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Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Institute of Neurosciences, Universitat de Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
6
Faculty of Psychology, Education and Sports Sciences, University Ramon Llull, Spain FPCEE-Blanquerna, 08022 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9419; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249419
Received: 9 October 2020 / Revised: 10 December 2020 / Accepted: 11 December 2020 / Published: 15 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has been devastating in all senses, particularly psychologically. Physical activity (PA) is known to aid psychological well-being, and it is worth investigating whether PA has been a coping strategy during this pandemic. The objective of this literature review is to analyze the extent to which engaging in PA during the COVID-19 pandemic impacts psychological health in the adult population. The literature was searched in all databases from the EBSCOhost Research Database—MEDLINE, APA PsycArticles, between others—published between 1 January 2019 and 15 July 2020. From 180 articles found, 15 were eligible. The reviewed articles showed an association between mental health distress—e.g., stress, anxiety, depressive symptoms, social isolation, psychological distress—and PA. This research concludes that the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown measures caused psychological distress. Those studies that analyzed PA showed that, during quarantine, adults increased their sedentary time and reduced their PA levels, showing controversial psychological outcomes. This review discusses whether PA is an effective strategy to face the COVID-19 pandemic psychological effects contributing to a further putative increase in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; physical activity; mental health; psychological distress; coronavirus; lockdown; pandemic COVID-19; physical activity; mental health; psychological distress; coronavirus; lockdown; pandemic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Violant-Holz, V.; Gallego-Jiménez, M.G.; González-González, C.S.; Muñoz-Violant, S.; Rodríguez, M.J.; Sansano-Nadal, O.; Guerra-Balic, M. Psychological Health and Physical Activity Levels during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9419. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249419

AMA Style

Violant-Holz V, Gallego-Jiménez MG, González-González CS, Muñoz-Violant S, Rodríguez MJ, Sansano-Nadal O, Guerra-Balic M. Psychological Health and Physical Activity Levels during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9419. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249419

Chicago/Turabian Style

Violant-Holz, Verónica, M. G. Gallego-Jiménez, Carina S. González-González, Sarah Muñoz-Violant, Manuel J. Rodríguez, Oriol Sansano-Nadal, and Myriam Guerra-Balic. 2020. "Psychological Health and Physical Activity Levels during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9419. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249419

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