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Article

Wave Energy Assessment at Valencia Gulf and Comparison of Energy Production of Most Suitable Wave Energy Converters

1
Área de Ingeniería Naval y Oceánica, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Instituto de Automática e Informática Industrial, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8473; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228473
Received: 24 September 2020 / Revised: 12 November 2020 / Accepted: 13 November 2020 / Published: 16 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Sustainability in Maritime Infrastructures)
Seaports’ energy strategy should rely on the use of renewable energy. Presently, the share of renewable energy used by many of the ports worldwide is negligible. Some initiatives are in the process of implementation to produce some of the energy used by the Port of Valencia, one the largest ports in the Mediterranean Basin. Among these initiatives, a photovoltaic plant with an installed capacity of 5.5 MW is under a tendering process and the assessment studies for the deployment of three to five windmills are close to being finished. However, this is not enough to make it a “zero emissions port” as some of the energy demand would still be covered by fossil fuels. Therefore, we should consider clean alternative energy sources. This article analyses the wave energy resources in the surroundings of the Port of Valencia using a 7-year series of data obtained from numerical modelling (forecast). The spatial distribution of wave power is analysed using data from 3 SIMAR points at Valencia Bay and is compared to the data obtained by the Valencia Buoy I (removed in 2005). The obtained results are used to estimate the power matrices and the average energy output of two wave energy converters suitable to be integrated into the port’s infrastructure. Finally, the wave energy converters’ production is compared to the average amount of energy that is forecast to be obtained from other renewable sources such as solar and wind. Due to the nature of the Gulf’s wave climate (mostly low waves), the main conclusion is that the energy obtainable from the waves in the Valencia Gulf will be in correlation with such climate. However, when dealing with great energy consumers every source of production is worthwhile and further research is needed to optimize the production of energy from renewable sources and its use in an industrial environment such as ports. View Full-Text
Keywords: wave energy; energy production; renewable energy; zero emissions port; wave energy converter wave energy; energy production; renewable energy; zero emissions port; wave energy converter
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cascajo, R.; García, E.; Quiles, E.; Morant, F.; Correcher, A. Wave Energy Assessment at Valencia Gulf and Comparison of Energy Production of Most Suitable Wave Energy Converters. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8473. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228473

AMA Style

Cascajo R, García E, Quiles E, Morant F, Correcher A. Wave Energy Assessment at Valencia Gulf and Comparison of Energy Production of Most Suitable Wave Energy Converters. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8473. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228473

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cascajo, Raúl, Emilio García, Eduardo Quiles, Francisco Morant, and Antonio Correcher. 2020. "Wave Energy Assessment at Valencia Gulf and Comparison of Energy Production of Most Suitable Wave Energy Converters" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8473. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228473

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