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Open AccessReview

Health and Wellness Impacts of Traditional Physical Activity Experiences on Indigenous Youth: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M1C 1A4, Canada
2
School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8275; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218275
Received: 25 September 2020 / Revised: 30 October 2020 / Accepted: 5 November 2020 / Published: 9 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indigenous Health Wellbeing)
Traditional physical activities have numerous physiological and psychosocial benefits for Indigenous youth around the world. Little is known about the positive health and wellness impacts of traditional physical activity experiences on Indigenous youths. The aim of this systematic review is to explore the holistic health and wellness impacts of traditional physical activities on Indigenous youth from certain North American and Oceania geographic areas. A systematic search of four electronic databases (PubMed, ERIC, Scopus and Web of Science) was conducted to identify peer-reviewed publications of qualitative research exploring the diverse health experiences of traditional physical activities for Indigenous youth in Canada, the United States of America, New Zealand and Australia. A qualitative synthesis of studies between 2006 and 2018 were included, and findings were synthesized using an integrated Indigenous-ecological model, which broadly captures health and wellness impacts under intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational, community and policy level outcomes using medicine wheel teachings. In total, nine studies were identified via this search. Overall, the literature described numerous emotional, mental and spiritual benefits of traditional physical activity, and youth experiences were affected by familial and communal relationships, and systemic factors. Among Indigenous youth, this research shows the importance of including traditional physical activity in future programs and partnerships with community expertise. View Full-Text
Keywords: traditional physical activity; North America; Oceania; Indigenous; children; youth; holistic approaches traditional physical activity; North America; Oceania; Indigenous; children; youth; holistic approaches
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MDPI and ACS Style

Akbar, L.; Zuk, A.M.; Tsuji, L.J.S. Health and Wellness Impacts of Traditional Physical Activity Experiences on Indigenous Youth: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8275. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218275

AMA Style

Akbar L, Zuk AM, Tsuji LJS. Health and Wellness Impacts of Traditional Physical Activity Experiences on Indigenous Youth: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8275. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218275

Chicago/Turabian Style

Akbar, Lamia; Zuk, Aleksandra M.; Tsuji, Leonard J.S. 2020. "Health and Wellness Impacts of Traditional Physical Activity Experiences on Indigenous Youth: A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 21: 8275. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218275

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