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Important Difference between Occupational Hazard Exposure among Shift Workers and Other Workers; Comparing Workplace before and after 1980

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Department of Neuroscience, Functional Pharmacology, Uppsala University, 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden
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Unit of Medical Epidemiology, Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
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Institute for Translational Medicine and Biotechnology, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7495; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207495
Received: 14 August 2020 / Revised: 8 October 2020 / Accepted: 12 October 2020 / Published: 15 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
Improving health and safety at work has been an important issue for the European Union since the 1980s. The existing literature supports that shift work is associated with multiple indicators of poor health but frequently neglects the potential impact of occupational hazards. This study aims at describing and comparing the exposure to different workplace hazards among shift and other workers before and after 1980. Exposure to different workplace hazards (noise, dust, pollutant, and other physical stressors) were analyzed among 119,413 participants from the UK Biobank cohort. After stratifying the analyses before and after 1980, exposure was compared between shift and other workers. Potential confounding variables (sex, age, ethnicity, education level, occupational category, and neuroticism) were adjusted for in the log-binomial regression. Shift workers had a higher prevalence ratio (PR) than other workers of being exposed to almost all identified hazards both before or after 1980. They were also more likely to be exposed to multiple hazards compared to other workers, both before 1980 (PR: 1.25; 95% CI: 1.21–1.30) and after 1980 (PR: 1.34; 95% CI: 1.30–1.38). The prevalence of all measured risk factors was higher after 1980 than before 1980 among shift workers. Of note, the work environment has improved overall for other workers. Our findings suggest that changes at the workplace have benefited other workers more than shift workers as they are still more exposed to all occupational hazards. View Full-Text
Keywords: shift work; occupational health; work environment; hazardous substances; pollutant; world disease; epidemiology shift work; occupational health; work environment; hazardous substances; pollutant; world disease; epidemiology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miguet, M.; Rukh, G.; Titova, O.E.; Schiöth, H.B. Important Difference between Occupational Hazard Exposure among Shift Workers and Other Workers; Comparing Workplace before and after 1980. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207495

AMA Style

Miguet M, Rukh G, Titova OE, Schiöth HB. Important Difference between Occupational Hazard Exposure among Shift Workers and Other Workers; Comparing Workplace before and after 1980. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207495

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miguet, Maud, Gull Rukh, Olga E. Titova, and Helgi B. Schiöth 2020. "Important Difference between Occupational Hazard Exposure among Shift Workers and Other Workers; Comparing Workplace before and after 1980" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207495

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