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Open AccessArticle

Exploring Influential Factors Including COVID-19 on Green Food Purchase Intentions and the Intention–Behaviour Gap: A Qualitative Study among Consumers in a Chinese Context

by 1,*, 2,3 and 1
1
Specialized Partnerships in Sustainable Food Systems and Food Sovereignty, University of Kassel, 37213 Kassel, Germany
2
Sanya Oceanographic Institution, Ocean University of China, Sanya 572024, China
3
Qingdao National Laboratory of Marine Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Qingdao 266237, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7106; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197106
Received: 6 August 2020 / Revised: 14 September 2020 / Accepted: 25 September 2020 / Published: 28 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Consumer Behaviors, Food, Nutrition, and Human Health)
This study applied a qualitative approach to investigate the underlying influences on consumers’ green food consumption from the intention generation phase to intention execution phase in the perspectives of purchase intention and the intention–behaviour gap (IBG). Additionally, the impact of the “Coronavirus Disease 2019” (COVID-19) pandemic on consumers’ green food purchases was explored. Research data were derived from semi-structured in-depth interviews with 28 consumers and analyzed using grounded theory. The findings identified factors that influenced intentions and the IBG in the process of consumers’ green food purchases. Specifically, these findings reported that health consciousness, perceived attributes, environmental consciousness, social influence, family structure, and enjoyable shopping experiences were identified as major drivers for generating consumers’ green food purchase intentions. High prices of green food, unavailability issues, mistrust issues, and limited knowledge were factors triggering the gap between green food purchase intentions and behaviours. In addition, the results revealed that the COVID-19 crisis increased consumers’ green food purchase intentions, whereas the IBG widens as a result of issues of unavailability, price, and panic. These findings will help stakeholders build future policy and suitable strategies to better promote green food consumption in the Chinese context. View Full-Text
Keywords: green food consumption; purchase intention; intention–behaviour gap; COVID-19; qualitative method; China green food consumption; purchase intention; intention–behaviour gap; COVID-19; qualitative method; China
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Qi, X.; Yu, H.; Ploeger, A. Exploring Influential Factors Including COVID-19 on Green Food Purchase Intentions and the Intention–Behaviour Gap: A Qualitative Study among Consumers in a Chinese Context. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7106.

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