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Open AccessReview

Interactions between the Physical and Social Environments with Adverse Pregnancy Events Related to Placental Disorders—A Scoping Review

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Department of Surveying and Geomatics, Midlands State University, P. Bag 9055, Gweru, Zimbabwe
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Department of Women and Children’s Health, School of Life Course Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King’s College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, UK
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Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and BC Children’s Hospital Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Suite 930, 1125 Howe Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 2K8, Canada
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Medical Research Council (MRC) Unit, LSHTM Atlantic Boulevard, Fajara P. O. Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia
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Environmental Research Group, MRC Centre for Environment and Health, Imperial College London, Michael Uren Biomedical Engineering Hub, White City Campus, Wood Lane, London W12 0BZ, UK
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NIHR HPRU in Environmental Exposures and Health, Imperial College London, Michael Uren Biomedical Engineering Hub, White City Campus, Wood Lane, London W12 0BZ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Members are listed at the Acknowledgments.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5421; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155421
Received: 13 July 2020 / Accepted: 22 July 2020 / Published: 28 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Space, Place and Health Outcomes)
Background: Due to different social and physical environments across Africa, understanding how these environments differ in interacting with placental disorders will play an important role in developing effective interventions. Methods: A scoping review was conducted, to identify current knowledge on interactions between the physical and social environment and the incidence of placental disease in Africa. Results: Heavy metals were said to be harmful when environmental concentrations are beyond critical limits. Education level, maternal age, attendance of antenatal care and parity were the most investigated social determinants. Conclusions: More evidence is needed to determine the relationships between the environment and placental function in Africa. The results show that understanding the nature of the relationship between social determinants of health (SDH) and placental health outcomes plays a pivotal role in understanding the risk in the heterogenous communities in Africa. View Full-Text
Keywords: placental function; environment; social determinants; Africa placental function; environment; social determinants; Africa
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Dube, Y.P.; Nyapwere, N.; Magee, L.A.; Vidler, M.; Moore, S.E.; Barratt, B.; Craik, R.; Dadelszen, P.V.; Makanga, P.T.; The PRECISE Network. Interactions between the Physical and Social Environments with Adverse Pregnancy Events Related to Placental Disorders—A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5421.

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