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Article

A Developmental Model for Predicting Sport Participation among Female Korean College Students

1
Department of Sport & Leisure Studies, College of Arts & Physical Education, Shingyeong University, Hwaseong 18274, Korea
2
Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
3
Department of Sport Management, Graduate School of Technology Management, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 17104, Korea
4
Major of Taekwondo, College of Sport Science, Dankook University, Cheonan 31116, Korea
5
Department of Coaching, College of Physical Education, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 17104, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5010; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145010
Received: 24 June 2020 / Revised: 10 July 2020 / Accepted: 10 July 2020 / Published: 12 July 2020
Although participating in regular physical activity has many benefits, female Korean college students tend to have much lower participation rates than their male counterparts. An effective means of increasing physical activity among female college students is sport participation. The purpose of this study is to incorporate three types of psychological needs from self-determination theory as precursor background variables into the theory of planned behavior to predict sport participation among female Korean college students. Our dataset consisted of 494 female undergraduate students attending Kyung Hee University in South Korea. Using structural equation modeling, the direct and indirect effects of attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and psychological needs satisfaction such as competency, relatedness, and autonomy were examined. Although attitude towards and perceived behavioral control over sport participation were significantly associated with intention in all three models, subjective norm was not significantly associated with intention in any model. Satisfaction of the psychological needs for competency, relatedness, and autonomy had positive indirect effects on sport participation. This study underscores the importance of addressing the satisfaction of these three basic psychological needs when designing future sport promotion interventions for female college students. View Full-Text
Keywords: competency; relatedness; autonomy; theory of planned behavior; female Korean college students competency; relatedness; autonomy; theory of planned behavior; female Korean college students
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MDPI and ACS Style

Park, S.-U.; Lee, C.G.; Kim, D.-K.; Park, J.-H.; Jang, D.-J. A Developmental Model for Predicting Sport Participation among Female Korean College Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5010. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145010

AMA Style

Park S-U, Lee CG, Kim D-K, Park J-H, Jang D-J. A Developmental Model for Predicting Sport Participation among Female Korean College Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5010. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145010

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Sung-Un, Chung G. Lee, Dong-Kyu Kim, Jong-Hwa Park, and Deok-Jin Jang. 2020. "A Developmental Model for Predicting Sport Participation among Female Korean College Students" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5010. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145010

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