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Open AccessReview

Risk Management and Recommendations for the Prevention of Fatal Foreign Body Aspiration: Four Cases Aged 1.5 to 3 Years and Mini-Review of the Literature

1
Department of Medical, Surgical and Advanced Technologies G.F. Ingrassia, University of Catania, Via S. Sofia 87 Edificio B, 95123 Catania, Italy
2
Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Via Luciano Armanni 5, 80138 Naples, Italy
3
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine—Dermatology, University of Messina, “G. Martino” Hospital, 98124 Messina, Italy
4
Department of History Society and Human Studies, University of Salento-Lecce, 73100 Lecce, Italy
5
Forensic Medicine, Department of Law, Magna Grecia, University of Catanzaro, 81100 Catanzaro, Italy
6
Emergency Department, Maria Vittoria Hospital-Torino, 10144 Torino, Italy
7
Department of Surgical and Medical Sciences, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, 81100 Catanzaro, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4700; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134700
Received: 17 May 2020 / Revised: 16 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
(1) Background: Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a significant public health concern among the pediatric population, and fatalities are dramatic for families. It typically involves organic foreign bodies (mainly food) aspirated by children under three years old, usually at home or school. This review aimed to focus on the preventive measures around four actual cases of fatal foreign body aspiration, emphasizing the correct execution of the Heimlich maneuver and cardiopulmonary resuscitation, supervised mealtimes, and high-risk foods. (2) Methods: Four fatal cases of foreign body aspiration in children are presented here. The children were in a free environment, such as school, home, and the countryside, and were in the presence of teachers, parents, and a grandmother who did not supervise the children adequately. A literature review was performed via the MEDLINE database using the key terms: “foreign body aspiration,” “infant choking, 1.5 to 3 years,” “food and foreign body aspiration,” “common household,” “prevention of foreign body aspiration,” “guidelines,” “recommendations,” “training of caregivers (parents, educators),” “resuscitation,” “Heimlich maneuver,” and “disengagement of the upper airways.” We focused on the prevention of foreign body aspiration. (3) Results: a complete postmortem examination was performed. In three cases, the foreign bodies were food (mozzarella cheese, pear, or raw bean), while in one case, the foreign body was a pebble. (4) Conclusions: This review aimed to discuss recent scientific literature and provide a perspective on the benefits of a dedicated approach to the management of fatal foreign body aspiration in children by caregivers who usually have no experience with the best ways of supervising children in a safe environment, especially regarding the correct execution of resuscitation maneuvers, such as the Heimlich maneuver. Recommendation updates could improve healthcare quality in a pediatric setting and reduce medico-legal implications. View Full-Text
Keywords: foreign body aspiration; health promotion; autopsy; children; prevention; community foreign body aspiration; health promotion; autopsy; children; prevention; community
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MDPI and ACS Style

Montana, A.; Salerno, M.; Feola, A.; Asmundo, A.; Di Nunno, N.; Casella, F.; Manno, E.; Colosimo, F.; Serra, R.; Di Mizio, G. Risk Management and Recommendations for the Prevention of Fatal Foreign Body Aspiration: Four Cases Aged 1.5 to 3 Years and Mini-Review of the Literature. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4700. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134700

AMA Style

Montana A, Salerno M, Feola A, Asmundo A, Di Nunno N, Casella F, Manno E, Colosimo F, Serra R, Di Mizio G. Risk Management and Recommendations for the Prevention of Fatal Foreign Body Aspiration: Four Cases Aged 1.5 to 3 Years and Mini-Review of the Literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(13):4700. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134700

Chicago/Turabian Style

Montana, Angelo; Salerno, Monica; Feola, Alessandro; Asmundo, Alessio; Di Nunno, Nunzio; Casella, Filomena; Manno, Emilpaolo; Colosimo, Federica; Serra, Raffaele; Di Mizio, Giulio. 2020. "Risk Management and Recommendations for the Prevention of Fatal Foreign Body Aspiration: Four Cases Aged 1.5 to 3 Years and Mini-Review of the Literature" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 13: 4700. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134700

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