Next Article in Journal
Waterborne Exposure of Paclobutrazol at Environmental Relevant Concentration Induce Locomotion Hyperactivity in Larvae and Anxiolytic Exploratory Behavior in Adult Zebrafish
Next Article in Special Issue
Everyday Pedelec Use and Its Effect on Meeting Physical Activity Guidelines
Previous Article in Journal
Knowledge and Myths about Palliative Care among the General Public and Health Care Professionals in Portugal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Active School Transport among Children from Canada, Colombia, Finland, South Africa, and the United States: A Tale of Two Journeys
Open AccessArticle

How Does Commute Time Affect Labor Supply in Urban China? Implications for Active Commuting

1
National School of Development, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4631; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134631
Received: 25 May 2020 / Revised: 15 June 2020 / Accepted: 24 June 2020 / Published: 27 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active Commuting and Active Transportation)
This paper identifies the causal effect of commute time on labor supply in urban China and provides implications for the development of active commuting. Labor supply is measured by daily workhours, workdays per week and weekly workhours, and city average commute time is adopted as an instrumental variable to correct the endogenous problem of individual commute time. We find that in urban China, commute time does not have effect on daily labor supply but has negative effects on workdays per week and weekly labor supply. These results are different from those found in Germany and Spain, and are potentially related to the intense competition among workers in the labor market of China. Moreover, the effect of commute time on workdays per week is stronger for job changed workers. In addition, the effects of commute time on labor supply are not different between males and females. Finally, policy implications for active commuting are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: commute time; labor supply; endogeneity; active commuting; China commute time; labor supply; endogeneity; active commuting; China
MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Gong, J.; Wang, C. How Does Commute Time Affect Labor Supply in Urban China? Implications for Active Commuting. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4631.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop