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Impact of Psychotherapy on Psychosocial Functioning in Borderline Personality Disorder Patients

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4610; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124610
Received: 31 May 2020 / Revised: 21 June 2020 / Accepted: 23 June 2020 / Published: 26 June 2020
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) significantly impairs functioning. Fortunately, effective treatments are available for borderline symptoms but their effect on functioning should be assessed. The objective of this meta-analysis is to assess the effect of specifically-designed versus non-specifically designed psychotherapies on function in adult patients with BPD. The reference list of Cristea et al. 2017 was used to identify the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the BPD-specifically-designed psychotherapy versus non-specific psychotherapies in adult BPD patients. Among those, RCTs assessing post-treatment functioning using the Global Assessment of Functioning, Social Adjustment Scale–Self-Report and Inventory of Interpersonal Problems were included. Ten trials (880 participants) were included. Summary effect size was calculated using the measured Hedge’s g. The results indicate the BPD patients in the intervention group had a significantly higher (g = 0.41; 95% CI, 0.09–0.73) level of psychosocial functioning after receiving the specifically-designed psychotherapies in comparison with BPD patients in control groups after receiving non-specific psychotherapies. Specifically-designed psychotherapies can improve psychosocial functioning although improvement in measurement of function (i.e., more objective and universal tools) and improvement in psychotherapies (i.e., more focused on general functioning) will be helpful. View Full-Text
Keywords: Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD); psychotherapy; psychosocial functioning Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD); psychotherapy; psychosocial functioning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zahediabghari, S.; Boursiquot, P.; Links, P. Impact of Psychotherapy on Psychosocial Functioning in Borderline Personality Disorder Patients. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4610. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124610

AMA Style

Zahediabghari S, Boursiquot P, Links P. Impact of Psychotherapy on Psychosocial Functioning in Borderline Personality Disorder Patients. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4610. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124610

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zahediabghari, Soheil; Boursiquot, Philippe; Links, Paul. 2020. "Impact of Psychotherapy on Psychosocial Functioning in Borderline Personality Disorder Patients" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 12: 4610. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124610

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