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Article

Occupational Health among Swedish Occupational Therapists: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, P.O. Box 157, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden
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Academy of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, SE-301 18 Halmstad, Sweden
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Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3379; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103379
Received: 25 March 2020 / Revised: 4 May 2020 / Accepted: 5 May 2020 / Published: 12 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
The Swedish public sector is facing great challenges in recruiting and retaining healthcare professionals, due to increasing sick leave numbers. The aim of this study was to describe Swedish occupational therapists’ occupational health in terms of risk factors in the social and organizational work environment, occupational balance, and work-related mental health problems. A web survey was emailed to all working members of the Swedish Association of Occupational Therapists (n = 7600) and 3658 answered the survey. The web survey included questions on sociodemographic characteristics, social and organizational environment, occupational balance, and work-related health. The occupational therapists in general rated their workload as high, which was described as leading to increased stress, difficulties doing a good job, and increased job turnover. They also reported having difficulties maintaining occupational balance. Almost a fifth reported having symptoms related to mild incipient exhaustion or a pronounced exhaustion disorder. Almost 60 percent reported having, during the last year, seriously considered seeking new employment as an occupational therapist and 35 percent had seriously intended to leave their profession. In conclusion, there is an urgent need to improve the work situation of occupational therapists. If not, increases in mental health problems, sick leave and job turnover rates may seriously jeopardize the welfare system by eroding healthcare. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lund University Checklist for Incipient Exhaustion; self-rated exhaustion disorder; occupational balance questionnaire Lund University Checklist for Incipient Exhaustion; self-rated exhaustion disorder; occupational balance questionnaire
MDPI and ACS Style

Lexén, A.; Kåhlin, I.; Erlandsson, L.-K.; Håkansson, C. Occupational Health among Swedish Occupational Therapists: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3379. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103379

AMA Style

Lexén A, Kåhlin I, Erlandsson L-K, Håkansson C. Occupational Health among Swedish Occupational Therapists: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3379. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103379

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lexén, Annika, Ida Kåhlin, Lena-Karin Erlandsson, and Carita Håkansson. 2020. "Occupational Health among Swedish Occupational Therapists: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3379. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103379

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