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Open AccessArticle

Evaluate Typhoon Disasters in 21st Century Maritime Silk Road by Super-Efficiency DEA

by Xiaobing Yu 1,2,3,*, Hong Chen 2 and Chenliang Li 2
1
Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
2
School of Management Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
3
Silicon Lake College, Kunshan 215332, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(9), 1614; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091614
Received: 2 April 2019 / Revised: 25 April 2019 / Accepted: 30 April 2019 / Published: 8 May 2019
The Belt and Road Initiative involves many countries and areas. As the introducer, China plays a key role in the initiative. However, the coastal areas in China have frequently been hit by typhoons that lead to huge casualties and economic losses. In order to reduce damages caused by natural disasters, this paper selected the coastal regions of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road as the study areas, specifically Shanghai, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Fujian, and Hainan, to estimate the vulnerability to typhoon disasters based on the historical data about typhoon disasters and the super-efficiency data envelopment analysis (DEA) evaluation model. Although Shanghai is a low-vulnerable region, it needs to pay close attention to the risk of typhoon disasters due to the outstanding economic influence. In addition, it was found that the vulnerability to typhoons in Zhejiang, Guangdong, and Hainan showed a dramatic fluctuation from 2011 to 2016, and Zhejiang’s vulnerability in 2013 was extremely high compared to other years. Meanwhile, Guangdong and Hainan are highly vulnerable areas, suffering from typhoon disasters heavily. Moreover, the vulnerability to typhoons for Fujian is relatively low. View Full-Text
Keywords: typhoon disaster; vulnerability; super-efficiency DEA model; The Belt and Road Initiative typhoon disaster; vulnerability; super-efficiency DEA model; The Belt and Road Initiative
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Yu, X.; Chen, H.; Li, C. Evaluate Typhoon Disasters in 21st Century Maritime Silk Road by Super-Efficiency DEA. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1614.

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