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Open AccessArticle

Provision of Convenient Play Space in a Densely Populated City

Department of Geography, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(4), 651;
Received: 19 January 2019 / Revised: 16 February 2019 / Accepted: 17 February 2019 / Published: 22 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Children, Air Pollution and the Outdoor Urban Environment)
PDF [2707 KB, uploaded 23 February 2019]


The focus of this study is on examining sufficiency and quality of play space in a densely populated city from the spatial perspective. The study employed a three-stage multilevel mixed-method design using spatial analysis, user questionnaire, and site surveys. Provision of play space was assessed based on location, user perception, and proximity to residential areas and roads. The spatial distribution of play space was mapped and examined by applying GIS-based multicriteria analysis. Without considering play space provided by private housing estates, the study found a mismatch between children population and location of play space. The study also identified stair, slope, and sidewalk conditions as key issues of accessibility to selected playgrounds, even in districts with sufficient play space. Kowloon has limited play space of which a high percentage is inferior in terms of safety and pollution standards. Spatial analysis can help inform optimal locations for play space. Future studies should be based on more well-rounded and complete data to advise urban planning. Additionally, policy makers should focus more on quality standards of play space (i.e., openness, absence of pollution, attraction, safety, etc.) when planning as opposed to simply meeting the minimum area per person quota for open space. View Full-Text
Keywords: play space; children; city; public space; urban environment; Hong Kong play space; children; city; public space; urban environment; Hong Kong

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Lai, P.-C.; Low, C.-T. Provision of Convenient Play Space in a Densely Populated City. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 651.

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