Next Article in Journal
Heatwave Events and Mortality Outcomes in Memphis, Tennessee: Testing Effect Modification by Socioeconomic Status and Urbanicity
Previous Article in Journal
Validity and Reliability of the Emergency Severity Index in a Spanish Hospital
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Empirical Study of Applying Statistical Disclosure Control Methods to Public Health Research
Open AccessArticle

The Impacts of Green Innovation Input and Channel Service in a Dual-Channel Value Chain

1
Institute of Management Science and Engineering, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China
2
School of Business, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China
3
School of Management & Economics, North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450046, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4566; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224566
Received: 5 September 2019 / Revised: 13 November 2019 / Accepted: 13 November 2019 / Published: 18 November 2019
This paper constructs a dual-channel value chain composed of one altruistic manufacturer and one altruistic retailer, where the manufacturer makes green innovation input for green products and sells its green products to its customers through both the direct channel and the traditional channel, the retailer provides channel service for customers and sells green products through the traditional channel. We consider two scenarios in which the manufacturer and the retailer make decentralized and centralized decisions, respectively. We develop two dynamic game models for the two scenarios and analyze the dynamic behaviors of the two dynamic game models using bifurcation diagram, LLE (largest Lyapunov exponent) and attraction of basin, etc. We find that the stability region in decentralized decision model is greater than that of centralized decision, and narrow with increase of service value, green innovation input. In the decentralized decision model, the stability of the system decreases with the altruistic behavior increasing. With the price adjustment speed increasing, the dual-channel green value chain system enters into chaotic state through flip bifurcation or N-S bifurcation. In the stable state, the manufacturer and the retailer can obtain the maximum utility with the appropriate value of green innovation input. In the chaotic state, the utilities of the manufacturer and retailer are greatly affected and significantly reduced. This study will provide good guidance for sustainable development decision-making of dual-channel green value chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: price game; green innovation input; channel service; value chain; stability price game; green innovation input; channel service; value chain; stability
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Q.; Chen, X.; Huang, Y.; Gui, H.; Liu, S. The Impacts of Green Innovation Input and Channel Service in a Dual-Channel Value Chain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4566.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop