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Open AccessArticle

Symptoms of Discomfort and Problems Associated with Mode of Delivery During the Puerperium: An Observational Study

1
Department of Nursing, University of Jaen, 23071 Jaen, Spain
2
Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaen, 23071 Jaen, Spain
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Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing of Ciudad Real, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
5
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Mancha-Centro Hospital, 13600 Alcázar de San Juan Mancha, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4564; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224564
Received: 7 August 2019 / Revised: 13 November 2019 / Accepted: 15 November 2019 / Published: 18 November 2019
Despite abundant literature on antenatal and delivery care received by pregnant women, there is a wide knowledge gap on the prevalence of symptoms of discomfort or problems during the postpartum period and their relationship with the mode of delivery. This cross-sectional study, carried out with 3324 participants in Spain in 2017, aimed to investigate the association between the mode of delivery and self-reported postpartum symptoms of discomfort and maternal problems during the puerperium. An ad hoc online questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-demographic and obstetric variables, symptoms of discomfort, and maternal problems during the puerperium. The crude odds ratios (OR) and adjusted OR (aOR) and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated using binary logistic regression. In total, 3324 women participated. Compared to a normal vaginal delivery, having a cesarean section was associated with increased odds of an infected surgical wound (aOR: 11.62, 95%CI: 6.77–19.95), feeling sad (aOR: 1.31, 23 95%CI: 1.03–1.68), and symptoms of post-traumatic stress (aOR: 4.64, 95%CI: 2.94–7.32). Instrumental delivery vs. normal vaginal delivery was a risk factor for constipation (aOR: 1.35 95%CI: 25 1.10–1.66), hemorrhoids (aOR: 1.28, 95%CI: 1.04–1.57), urinary incontinence (aOR: 1.30, 95%CI: 26 1.05–1.61), and fecal incontinence (aOR: 1.94, 95%CI: 1.29–2.92) during the puerperium. Women who gave delivery via cesarean section or instrumental delivery had higher incidences of infection and psychological alterations than those who had a normal vaginal delivery. Identifying women at risk of giving birth by cesarean section and informing them about subsequent symptoms of discomfort and maternal problems during the puerperium must be included in pregnancy health program policies and protocols to allow women to make informed decisions regarding their birthing plan. View Full-Text
Keywords: mode of delivery; puerperium; health problems; discomfort; maternal problems; self-perceived health; birthing plan; policy mode of delivery; puerperium; health problems; discomfort; maternal problems; self-perceived health; birthing plan; policy
MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Galiano, J.M.; Delgado-Rodríguez, M.; Rodríguez-Almagro, J.; Hernández-Martínez, A. Symptoms of Discomfort and Problems Associated with Mode of Delivery During the Puerperium: An Observational Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4564.

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