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Improving Physical Activity Levels and Psychological Variables on University Students in the Contemplation Stage

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Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University of Zaragoza, 44003 Teruel, Spain
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Centre for the Promotion of Physical Activity and Health (CAPAS-City), University of Zaragoza, 22001 Huesca, Spain
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Faculty of Human Sciences and Education, University of Zaragoza, 22003 Huesca, Spain
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Polytechnic School of Teruel, University of Zaragoza, 44003 Teruel, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4368; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224368
Received: 22 September 2019 / Revised: 30 October 2019 / Accepted: 1 November 2019 / Published: 8 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a physical activity intervention, based on self-determination theory and the transtheoretical model, on university students in the contemplation stage. Participants: 42 students, in the contemplation stage at baseline, were randomly assigned to an experimental group (16 women, 2 men; M age = 19.1 ± 1.15) and a control group (18 women, 2 men; M age = 20.1 ± 5.7). Methods: Physical activity was measured at different moments by accelerometry. Other cognitive variables were measured by self-reported scales. Results: We did not find any significant increases in students’ physical activity in favor of the intervention group. Intragroup analyses indicate that the intervention has an effect on physical activity (moderate-to-vigorous physical activity), basic psychological needs, and intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Conclusions: Results partially demonstrate that applying social cognitive theories seems to be effective in improving physical activity and cognitive variables in university students in the contemplation stage View Full-Text
Keywords: university students; physical activity; intervention; self-determination theory; transtheoretical model university students; physical activity; intervention; self-determination theory; transtheoretical model
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Corella, C.; Zaragoza, J.; Julián, J.A.; Rodríguez-Ontiveros, V.H.; Medrano, C.T.; Plaza, I.; Abarca-Sos, A. Improving Physical Activity Levels and Psychological Variables on University Students in the Contemplation Stage. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4368.

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