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Open AccessArticle

A Retrospective Investigation on Age and Gender Differences of Injuries in DanceSport

1
Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
Faculty of Science and Technology, Middlesex University, The Burroughs, Hendon, London NW4 4BT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4164; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214164
Received: 25 August 2019 / Revised: 1 October 2019 / Accepted: 28 October 2019 / Published: 29 October 2019
In spite of the extensive research on incidence site and type of injury in ballet and modern dancers, limited studies on injury in DanceSport have been reported. Therefore, this study determined retrospectively (within last 12 months) incidence, severity, site and type of injury, between gender and age-class in DanceSport. Participants were 97 international sport-dancers (female, 41; male, 56). Sixty-six (69%) dancers reported 96 injuries (1.00 (range = 4)) injuries per dancer) and an injury incidence of 1.7 (range = 14) per 1000 h. Females revealed significantly higher median injury incidence (females, 2.6 (range = 14); males, 1.9 (range = 9), p < 0.05) than males. A total of 61.5% of all injuries recorded were traumatic with a significant gender difference (Wald chi-square = 11.616, df = 1, p < 0.01). Injury severity was 3 (range 240) days with an interaction effect between gender and age-class (Wald chi-square = 251.374, df = 3, p < 0.001). Meanwhile, 72.3% of the dancers reported not including sport specific exercises besides dancing. These findings show gender and age-class differences in injury incidence, type and severity. Therefore, to reduce the likelihood of injuries, the implementation of supplemental DanceSport specific exercises that also considers the gender and age-class anatomical, functional, and choreographic demand differences in the training program should be recognized. View Full-Text
Keywords: injuries; dance; ballroom; incidence; age injuries; dance; ballroom; incidence; age
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Premelč, J.; Vučković, G.; James, N.; Dimitriou, L. A Retrospective Investigation on Age and Gender Differences of Injuries in DanceSport. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4164.

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