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Open AccessArticle

Parenting Practices, Life Satisfaction, and the Role of Self-Esteem in Adolescents

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Department Psychology, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
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Department Psychology, Universidad Politécnica y Artística del Paraguay, 1628 Asunción, Paraguay
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Department Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, 4780000 Santiago, Chile
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Núcleo Científico y Tecnológico en Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la Frontera, 4811230 Temuco, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 4045; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16204045
Received: 11 September 2019 / Revised: 16 October 2019 / Accepted: 18 October 2019 / Published: 22 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and Family Determinants of Adolescent Adjustment)
Introduction: Studies have shown significant associations between parenting practices, life satisfaction, and self-esteem, and the role of parenting practices in adolescent adjustment, emphasizing its influence on wellbeing. Objectives: To analyze the relationships between parenting practices, self-esteem, and life satisfaction, and test the mediating effect of self-esteem on the relationship between the different parenting practices and life satisfaction of adolescents. Method: The sample came to a total of 742 adolescents, with an average age of 15.63 (SD = 1.24; range 13–19). The Parenting Style Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale were used. Results: Perception by adolescents of high levels of affect and communication, self-disclosure, and a sense of humor related to their parents, as well as low levels of psychological control, explained the life satisfaction of the adolescents. Self-esteem exerted a partial mediating effect on the relationship between parenting practices and satisfaction with the life of the adolescent. Finally, self-esteem also appeared to be a moderator variable, specifically in the effect of self-disclosure on the life satisfaction of the adolescent. Conclusions: The results reinforce the role of personal variables, especially self-esteem, in parent-child interaction and in the improved subjective wellbeing of the adolescent. View Full-Text
Keywords: parenting practices; self-esteem; life satisfaction; adolescence; family relations parenting practices; self-esteem; life satisfaction; adolescence; family relations
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Pérez-Fuentes, M.C.; Molero Jurado, M.M.; Gázquez Linares, J.J.; Oropesa Ruiz, N.F.; Simón Márquez, M.M.; Saracostti, M. Parenting Practices, Life Satisfaction, and the Role of Self-Esteem in Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4045.

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