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Open AccessArticle

Toward an Integrated Model for Soft-Mobility

1
Architecture Group, Luleå University of Technology, 97187 Luleå, Sweden
2
Department of Health Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, 97187 Luleå, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(19), 3669; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193669
Received: 23 July 2019 / Revised: 19 August 2019 / Accepted: 27 September 2019 / Published: 29 September 2019
A key urban design challenge is to create built environments that encourage outdoor activity all year round. This study explores a new model for soft-mobility that places the interaction between the urban form, the seasonal climate and climate change, and the individual at the center of people’s soft-mobility choices, or in more general, their modal choice. The research methods used were comparative studies of documents, surveys, mental mapping, and photo elicitation. These studies were undertaken to research people’s outdoor activity in the built environment during the winter season of a cold climate settlement. The results were analyzed against the three-dimensions of the model. In the discussion it is argued that in places with significant climate variation, the interaction between the urban form, the season, and the individual together influence soft-mobility choices. In turn, these interactions influence people’s level of outdoor activity and the individual health benefits such activity can afford. In conclusion, it is highlighted that all three dimensions of the model are in a constant state of change and evolution, especially in relation to planning and development processes and climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban design; outdoor activity; health outcomes; climate change urban design; outdoor activity; health outcomes; climate change
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Chapman, D.; Larsson, A. Toward an Integrated Model for Soft-Mobility. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3669.

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