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Concept Paper

Child and Youth Health Literacy: A Conceptual Analysis and Proposed Target-Group-Centred Definition

1
Centre for Prevention and Intervention in Childhood and Adolescence (CPI), Bielefeld University, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany
2
Institute for Education and Care research in the health sector (InBVG), University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, 33619 Bielefeld, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3417; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183417
Received: 29 July 2019 / Revised: 9 September 2019 / Accepted: 11 September 2019 / Published: 14 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances of Adolescents and Children Health Research)
(1) Background: This article adopts an interdisciplinary perspective to analyse, examine, and reflect upon prominent health literacy (HL) understandings in childhood and youth. (2) Method: The conceptual analysis combined Rodgers’ and Jabareen’s approaches to conceptual analysis in eight phases. (3) Results: First, we present exploratory entry points for developing a child-specific HL understanding based on the six dimensions of a ‘health-literacy 6D model’. Second, we describe and reflect upon five meta-level dimensions covering the HL definitions and models for children and youth found in the conceptual analysis. Third, we integrate our findings into a target-group-centred HL definition for children and youth. (4) Discussion/Conclusion: This article raises awareness for the heterogeneity of the current conceptual HL debate. It offers a multidisciplinary approach for advancing the existing understanding of HL. Four recommendations for future actions are deduced from the following four principles, which are inherent to the proposed target-group-centred HL definition: (a) to characterize HL from an asset-based perspective, (b) to consider HL as socially embedded and distributed, (c) to recognize that HL develops both in phases and in flexible ways, and (d) to consider the multimodal nature of health-related information. Further research is necessary to test the feasibility and applicability of the proposed definition and conceptual understanding in both research and practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: health literacy; children; young people; adolescents; pupils; concept; definition; conceptual analysis health literacy; children; young people; adolescents; pupils; concept; definition; conceptual analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bröder, J.; Okan, O.; Bollweg, T.M.; Bruland, D.; Pinheiro, P.; Bauer, U. Child and Youth Health Literacy: A Conceptual Analysis and Proposed Target-Group-Centred Definition. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183417

AMA Style

Bröder J, Okan O, Bollweg TM, Bruland D, Pinheiro P, Bauer U. Child and Youth Health Literacy: A Conceptual Analysis and Proposed Target-Group-Centred Definition. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(18):3417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183417

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bröder, Janine, Orkan Okan, Torsten M. Bollweg, Dirk Bruland, Paulo Pinheiro, and Ullrich Bauer. 2019. "Child and Youth Health Literacy: A Conceptual Analysis and Proposed Target-Group-Centred Definition" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 18: 3417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183417

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