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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Ballistic Exercise as Pre-Activation for 100 m Sprints

1
Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
2
Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, 6200-001 Covilhã, Portugal
3
Department of Sports, Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
4
Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe - UFS, São Cristovão, SE 49100-000, Brazil
5
Post Graduate Program in Master’s level in Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe-UFS, São Cristovão, SE 49100-000, Brazil
6
Post Graduate Program in Doctorade and Master’s level in Physiological Sciences, Federal University of Sergipe - UFS, São Cristovão, SE 49100-000, Brazil
7
Group of Studies and Research of Performance, Sport, Health and Paralympic Sports - GEPEPS, the Federal University of Sergipe - UFS, São Cristovão, SE 49100-000, Brazil
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Associate Graduate Program in Physical, Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB 58051-900, Brazil
9
Department of Physical Education, Regional University of Cariri, Crato, CE 63105-010, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(10), 1850; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101850
Received: 23 April 2019 / Revised: 16 May 2019 / Accepted: 21 May 2019 / Published: 24 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health, Exercise and Sports Performance)
The benefits of warm-up in sports performance has received a special interest in the current literature. However, there is a large gap of knowledge about the tasks to be performed, specifically in the real competitive environment. The purpose of the study was to verify the acute effects of a warm-up including ballistic exercises in 100 m running performance. In addition, a second 100 m trial was assessed to better understand the warm-up effects in training and competition. Eleven men (25.4 ± 6.2 years of age, 1.76 ± 0.08 m of height, 78.2 ± 8.6 kg of body mass) were submitted to three different protocols, in a randomized order: no warm-up (NWU), typical warm-up (WU) and WU complemented with ballistic exercises (PAP). Biomechanical, physiological and psychophysiological variables were assessed. Differences were found between the three conditions assessed in the first 100 m sprint with 7.4% and 7.6% faster performances after the WU and PAP, compared to NWU. Stride length was higher in the second part of the 100 m after PAP compared with WU. These results highlight the positive effects of warm-up for sprinting performance. The inclusion of ballistic exercises, besides being used to improve sprint performance, can increase stride length in the final of the 100 m race. View Full-Text
Keywords: warm-up; performance; repeated-sprint; physiology; biomechanics warm-up; performance; repeated-sprint; physiology; biomechanics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gil, M.H.; Neiva, H.P.; Garrido, N.D.; Aidar, F.J.; Cirilo-Sousa, M.S.; Marques, M.C.; Marinho, D.A. The Effect of Ballistic Exercise as Pre-Activation for 100 m Sprints. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1850.

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