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Engagement, Passion and Meaning of Work as Modulating Variables in Nursing: A Theoretical Analysis

1
Nursing Department, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
2
Safety and Health Posgrade Program, Universidad Espíritu Santo, Guayaquil 091650, Ecuador
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Department of Social, Developmental and Education Psychology, Faculty of Education Science, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
4
Department of Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Education Science, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
5
Red Cross Nursing University Center, University of Seville, 41009 Sevilla, Spain
6
Faculty of Health Sciences, Isabel I University, 09003 Burgos, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(1), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010108
Received: 5 December 2018 / Revised: 24 December 2018 / Accepted: 28 December 2018 / Published: 3 January 2019
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Abstract

Nurses are continuously exposed to stressors and psychological and physical risks that can negatively influence their daily work. These adverse psychosocial circumstances, accompanied by the poor self-perception of health, well-being, and quality of life, may trigger burnout. The positive psychology approach pursues a growth of passion at work, increased job satisfaction, and occupational health, both mental and physical, for the optimal performance of the nursing role. In this way, a theoretical analysis was conducted to describe the basic constructs of positive psychology, elements such as engagement, passion at work, centrality, and meaning of work, which could act as protective factors in the nursing profession. The results show that if health professionals are not physically involved, cognitively alert, and emotionally connected, they may not offer the quality care patients require. Positive psychology helps nurses in facing their complex reality and relevant daily activities in order to provide quality care. These efforts towards a humanist nursing care in which professionals are able to care for the others as well as themselves should be made. View Full-Text
Keywords: nursing; positive psychology; engagement; passion; meaning of work; care nursing; positive psychology; engagement; passion; meaning of work; care
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Gómez-Salgado, J.; Navarro-Abal, Y.; López-López, M.J.; Romero-Martín, M.; Climent-Rodríguez, J.A. Engagement, Passion and Meaning of Work as Modulating Variables in Nursing: A Theoretical Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 108.

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