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Communication

Sleep and Mental Health in Truck Drivers: Descriptive Review of the Current Evidence and Proposal of Strategies for Primary Prevention

1
Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics and Maternal/Child Sciences, University of Genoa, Polyclinic Hospital San Martino IRCCS, 16132 Genoa, Italy
2
Institute of Public Health, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Roma, Italy
3
Neurophysiology Center, Department of Medical and Surgery Neuroscience, Rehabilitation–Continuity of Care, IRCCS Institute G. Gaslini, 16147 Genoa, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 1852; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091852
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 19 August 2018 / Accepted: 20 August 2018 / Published: 27 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Health Promotion 2018)
Background: Professional truck drivers (TDs) are exposed to stressful working (and living) conditions and are vulnerable. They report physical and mental health problems and psychological distress more frequently than the general population and their problems can affect safety on the roads. Actions to improve TDs’ health and reduce the risks of (co-)morbidity or unsafe driving are imperative. Methods: The published studies dealing with the TDs’ sleep habits and mental health were reviewed to define the scenario and organize the preventive strategies proposed thus far. Results: Awareness among TDs of the high risk for health and safety due to (often co-existing) untreated sleep and mental health problems is critical. Alcohol and prescribed or illicit drugs are often misused to compensate for depression, anxiety, job strain, fatigue, and social isolation. Polypharmacy and dependence increase the chance of unsafe behaviors on the road. The TDs’ access to healthcare services is scant, and participation in industry-sponsored wellness programs is limited. Conclusions: Primary prevention is a first unavoidable step to deal with sleep and mental health problems. Educational programs, online support and tele-health assessment/monitoring would help improve the well-being, safety and health of professional TDs and increase safety on the road. View Full-Text
Keywords: truck driver; sleep; sleep disorder; mental health; depression; anxiety; prevention; road safety truck driver; sleep; sleep disorder; mental health; depression; anxiety; prevention; road safety
MDPI and ACS Style

Garbarino, S.; Guglielmi, O.; Sannita, W.G.; Magnavita, N.; Lanteri, P. Sleep and Mental Health in Truck Drivers: Descriptive Review of the Current Evidence and Proposal of Strategies for Primary Prevention. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1852. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091852

AMA Style

Garbarino S, Guglielmi O, Sannita WG, Magnavita N, Lanteri P. Sleep and Mental Health in Truck Drivers: Descriptive Review of the Current Evidence and Proposal of Strategies for Primary Prevention. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(9):1852. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091852

Chicago/Turabian Style

Garbarino, Sergio, Ottavia Guglielmi, Walter G. Sannita, Nicola Magnavita, and Paola Lanteri. 2018. "Sleep and Mental Health in Truck Drivers: Descriptive Review of the Current Evidence and Proposal of Strategies for Primary Prevention" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 9: 1852. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091852

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