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Cross-Sectional Inverse Associations of Obesity and Fat Accumulation Indicators with Testosterone in Non-Diabetic Aging Men

1
Department of Medical Rehabilitation and Clinical Physiotherapy, Pomeranian Medical University, Żołnierska 54, 70-204 Szczecin, Poland
2
Department of Histology and Developmental Biology, Pomeranian Medical University, Żołnierska 48, 70-204 Szczecin, Poland
3
Department of Physical Medicine and Functional Diagnostics, Pomeranian Medical University, Żołnierska 54, 70-204 Szczecin, Poland
4
Department of Obstetrics and Pathology of Pregnancy, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Żołnierska 48, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland
5
Department of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University, Powstańców Wlkp. 72, 70-111 Szczecin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1207; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061207
Received: 22 April 2018 / Revised: 5 June 2018 / Accepted: 6 June 2018 / Published: 8 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

Introduction/Objective: The aim of the study was to show which of the adipose tissue accumulation indicators correlate with testosterone disorders in non-diabetic aging men. Material and methods: 455 non diabetic men, recruited at primary care facilities, aged 50–75 participated in the study. The participants underwent anthropometric measurement and ELISA determination of total testosterone (TT), estradiol (E2), dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S), sex hormone binding protein (SHBG), and the determination of fasting glucose (FPG), high-density lipids cholesterol (HDL-Ch), and triacylglycerols (TAG) in serum. The following indicators were calculated: body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), lipid accumulation product (LAP), and visceral adiposity index (VAI). Results: Men with testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS) differed in each of the assessed obesity indices from those without TDS. All of the studied parameters correlated significantly negatively with TT concentration in blood serum, with VAI being the strongest predictor of TDS. It was shown that the threshold value at which the risk of TDS increased was 28.41 kg/m2 for BMI, 1.58 for VAI, 104 cm for WC, and 37.01 for LAP. Conclusions: Indicators of fat accumulation that take into account biochemical parameters in assessing lipid metabolism are better markers of actual body fat deposition than indicators based solely on anthropometric measurements. Among them, VAI seems the most suitable biomarker of TDS in non-diabetic aging men. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging men; testosterone; indicators of fat accumulation; adiposity aging men; testosterone; indicators of fat accumulation; adiposity
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Rotter, I.; Rył, A.; Grzesiak, K.; Szylińska, A.; Pawlukowska, W.; Lubkowska, A.; Sipak-Szmigiel, O.; Pabisiak, K.; Laszczyńska, M. Cross-Sectional Inverse Associations of Obesity and Fat Accumulation Indicators with Testosterone in Non-Diabetic Aging Men. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1207.

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