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Open AccessArticle

Risk Factors and Prevalence of Suicide Attempt in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in the Mexican Population

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División Académica Multidisciplinaria de Comalcalco, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Comalcalco 86025, Tabasco, Mexico
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División Académica Multidisciplinaria de Jalpa de Méndez, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Jalpa de Méndez 86200, Tabasco, Mexico
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Subdirección de Investigaciones Clínicas, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñíz, Ciudad de Mexico 14370, Mexico
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División Académica de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Villahermosa 86140, Tabasco, Mexico
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Hospital de Alta Especialidad “Gustavo A. Rovirosa Pérez”, Secretaría de Salud, Villahermosa 86140, Tabasco, Mexico
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Hospital General de Yajalón “Dr. Manuel Velasco Suarez”, Secretaría de Salud, Yajalón 29930, Chiapas, Mexico
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Departamento de Biología Molecular, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, Ciudad de Mexico 14080, Mexico
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1198; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061198
Received: 7 May 2018 / Revised: 1 June 2018 / Accepted: 5 June 2018 / Published: 7 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Suicide Risk and Mental Disorders)
Background: It has been proposed that the risk of death by suicide is higher in patients with diabetes than in the general population. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the risk factors of suicidal behavior in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aim of the present study was to analyze the prevalence of suicide attempt and determine the risk factors of suicide attempt, in patients with type 2 diabetes in a Mexican population. Methods: Clinic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, biochemical levels, depression, and suicidal behavior were evaluated in 185 Mexican patients with type 2 diabetes. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to find predictive factors of suicide attempt. Results: 11.4% of patients reported previous suicide attempts n = 21). Younger patients (OR: 3.63, 95% CI: 1.29–10.19), having depression (OR: 3.33, 95% CI: 1.13–9.76) and normal BMI (OR: 3.14, 95% CI: 1.11–8.83), were predictive factors of suicide attempt. No other variables in the study showed statistical significance. Conclusions: Our results showed a high prevalence of suicidal behavior in patients with type 2 diabetes. We found that younger age, depression and normal BMI could be risk factors of suicide attempt in these patients. Therefore, psychiatric interventions to prevent depression and suicidal behavior in this population are necessary. New studies using larger samples are necessary to replicate and confirm these results. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicide; depression; diabetes; Mexican population suicide; depression; diabetes; Mexican population
MDPI and ACS Style

Gómez-Peralta, T.G.; González-Castro, T.B.; Fresan, A.; Tovilla-Zárate, C.A.; Juárez-Rojop, I.E.; Villar-Soto, M.; Hernández-Díaz, Y.; López-Narváez, M.L.; Ble-Castillo, J.L.; Pérez-Hernández, N.; Rodríguez-Pérez, J.M. Risk Factors and Prevalence of Suicide Attempt in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in the Mexican Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1198.

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