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Open AccessArticle

Drivers Are More Physically Active Than Non-Drivers in Older Adults

1
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Tokyo Medical University, 6-1-1 Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8402, Japan
2
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15 Mikajima, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-1192, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1094; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061094
Received: 6 May 2018 / Revised: 25 May 2018 / Accepted: 27 May 2018 / Published: 28 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Car use has been identified as sedentary behavior, although it may enhance mobility, particularly in the older population. This cross-sectional study aimed to compare the time spent in objectively determined sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) between older drivers and non-drivers. Four hundred and fifty Japanese older adults (74.3 ± 2.9 years) who had valid accelerometer data were included. They were asked to respond to a questionnaire and wear an accelerometer (HJA-350IT, Omron Healthcare) on their waist for 7 consecutive days in 2015. To compare activity time between drivers and non-drivers, we calculated estimated means using analysis of covariance, adjusting for sociodemographic, physical, and psychological factors and accelerometer wear time. Compared to non-drivers, drivers engaged in more light-intensity PA (LPA) (drivers: 325.0 vs. non-drivers: 289.0 min/day) and moderate-to-vigorous PA (drivers: 37.5 vs. non-drivers: 30.0 min/day) and less SB (drivers: 493.4 vs. non-drivers: 535.9 min/day) (all p < 0.05). After stratification by age, sex, and residential area, larger effect of driving on PA time was found in older-older adults, in men, and in rural residents. Older drivers were found to be more physically active than non-drivers, suggesting more access to outdoor activities or expanding social network. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; sedentary lifestyle; accelerometry; aging; mobility; automobiles; epidemiology exercise; sedentary lifestyle; accelerometry; aging; mobility; automobiles; epidemiology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Amagasa, S.; Fukushima, N.; Kikuchi, H.; Takamiya, T.; Odagiri, Y.; Oka, K.; Inoue, S. Drivers Are More Physically Active Than Non-Drivers in Older Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1094. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061094

AMA Style

Amagasa S, Fukushima N, Kikuchi H, Takamiya T, Odagiri Y, Oka K, Inoue S. Drivers Are More Physically Active Than Non-Drivers in Older Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(6):1094. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061094

Chicago/Turabian Style

Amagasa, Shiho; Fukushima, Noritoshi; Kikuchi, Hiroyuki; Takamiya, Tomoko; Odagiri, Yuko; Oka, Koichiro; Inoue, Shigeru. 2018. "Drivers Are More Physically Active Than Non-Drivers in Older Adults" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 6: 1094. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061094

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