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Furthering the Evidence of the Effectiveness of Employment Strategies for People with Mental Disorders in Europe: A Systematic Review
Open AccessArticle

Views and Experiences of Persons with Chronic Diseases about Strategies that Aim to Integrate and Re-Integrate Them into Work: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies

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Department of Medical Information Processing, Biometry and Epidemiology (IBE), Chair for Public Health and Health Services Research, Research Unit for Biopsychosocial Health, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU), 81377 Munich, Germany
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Disability and Diversity Studies, Carinthia University of Applied Science (CUAS), 9020 Klagenfurt, Austria
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Neurology, Public Health and Disability Unit, Neurological Institute Carlo Besta IRCCS Foundation, 20133 Milan, Italy
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Department of Special Education, University of Thessaly, 38221 Volos, Greece
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Research Unit, Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Sant Boi de Llobregat, 08830 Barcelona, Spain
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Department of Psychiatry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and Institute of Health Carlos III, CIBER of Mental Health (CIBERSAM), 28038 Madrid, Spain
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Development Center for Vocational Rehabilitation, University Rehabilitation Institute, Republic of Slovenia, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 1022; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15051022
Received: 14 April 2018 / Revised: 15 May 2018 / Accepted: 16 May 2018 / Published: 18 May 2018
The effectiveness of strategies targeting professional integration and reintegration strongly depends on the experiences of participants. The aim of this systematic literature review is to synthesize European qualitative studies exploring views and experiences of persons with chronic conditions regarding strategies for integration and reintegration into work. The systematic search was conducted in Medline, PsycINFO, CDR-HTA, CDR-DARE and Cochrane Systematic Reviews. Overall, 24 studies published in English between January 2011 and April 2016 were included. Most studies were carried out in Nordic countries or in the UK, and most participants were persons with either mental or musculoskeletal disorders. Ten themes emerged: individual and holistic approach, clarity of strategy and processes, timing of rehabilitation processes, experience with professionals, at the workplace and with peer groups, changes in the understanding of health and work, active involvement in the process, competencies development and motivating aspects of work. Findings highlight, among others, the need to actively involve participants in the return to work process and to provide timely and clearly structured processes and interventions. This review provides stakeholders key information to develop, plan, implement and evaluate interventions to integrate and re-integrate persons with chronic conditions into work in Europe. View Full-Text
Keywords: employment; chronic disease; systematic review; qualitative studies employment; chronic disease; systematic review; qualitative studies
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Esteban, E.; Coenen, M.; Ito, E.; Gruber, S.; Scaratti, C.; Leonardi, M.; Roka, O.; Vasilou, E.; Muñoz-Murillo, A.; Ávila, C.C.; Kovačič, D.S.; Ivandic, I.; Sabariego, C. Views and Experiences of Persons with Chronic Diseases about Strategies that Aim to Integrate and Re-Integrate Them into Work: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1022.

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