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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 176; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020176

Physical Activity, a Critical Exposure Factor of Environmental Pollution in Children and Adolescents Health Risk Assessment

1
Department of Physical Education, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
2
Department of Sports Science, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 November 2017 / Revised: 15 January 2018 / Accepted: 16 January 2018 / Published: 23 January 2018
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Abstract

It is an extremely urgent problem that physical fitness promotion must face not only the increasing air pollution but also the decline of physical activity level of children and adolescents worldwide at present, which is the major reason that forms an inactive lifestyle and does harm to adolescents’ health. Thus, it is necessary to focus on the exposure factor in environmental health risk assessment (EHRA) which conducts supervision of environmental pollution and survey of adolescents’ activity patterns according to the harmful characteristics of air pollutant and relationship between dose and response. Some countries, such as USA, Canada and Australia, regard both respiratory rate and physical activity pattern as main exposure factors for adolescents in both air pollution health risk assessment and exercise risk assessment to forecast a safe exposing condition of pollutant for adolescents while they are doing exercise outdoors. In addition, it suggests that the testing indexes and testing methods of these two exposure factors, such as investigating the time of daily physical activity, strength, and characteristic of frequency, help to set up the quantitative relationship between environmental pollution index and the time, strength, frequency of daily activities, and formulate children’s and adolescents’ activity instructions under different levels of environmental pollutions. As smog becomes increasingly serious at present, it is meaningful to take physical activity as a critical composition of exposure factor and establish physical activity guideline, so as to reduce the risk of air pollution, and promote physical health of children and adolescents effectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; children and adolescents; physical activity; environmental health risk assessment; exposure factor air pollution; children and adolescents; physical activity; environmental health risk assessment; exposure factor
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Dong, J.; Zhang, S.; Xia, L.; Yu, Y.; Hu, S.; Sun, J.; Zhou, P.; Chen, P. Physical Activity, a Critical Exposure Factor of Environmental Pollution in Children and Adolescents Health Risk Assessment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 176.

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