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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1191; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101191

Impact of Living Alone on Depressive Symptoms in Older Korean Widows

1
Department of Nursing Science and Research Institute of Women, Mokpo National University, 1666 Yeongsan-ro, Cheonggye-myeon, Muan-gun, Jeonam 534-729, Korea
2
Department of Nursing, Korea National University of Transportation, 61 Daehak-ro, Jeungpyeong-gun Chungbuk 27909, Korea
3
Department of Public Health Science, Graduate school of Public Health and Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 September 2017 / Revised: 2 October 2017 / Accepted: 3 October 2017 / Published: 7 October 2017
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Abstract

We examined the relationship between living alone and the prevalence of depressive symptoms in older Korean widows and assessed the individual contributions of health, social ties, and socioeconomic factors to the development of depressive symptoms. The study was a secondary analysis using data from widows, 65 years of age and older, who participated in the Living Profiles of Older People Survey (LPOPS). A logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the contributions of health, social ties, and socioeconomic factors to the development of depressive symptoms. Working status and equivalent household income were significantly associated with depressive symptoms in both those living with others and those living alone. Adjustment for health status and social ties did not change the impact of living alone on the prevalence of depressive symptoms. However, adjustment for equivalent household income eliminated the negative association between living alone and depressive symptoms. Our findings indicate that economic resources are more important than health and social ties for alleviating the negative impact of living alone on the development of depressive symptoms in older widows. View Full-Text
Keywords: living alone; depressive symptoms; widows; socioeconomic status; social ties living alone; depressive symptoms; widows; socioeconomic status; social ties
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Jeon, G.-S.; Choi, K.; Cho, S.-I. Impact of Living Alone on Depressive Symptoms in Older Korean Widows. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1191.

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