Distance, Duration, and Velocity in Cycle Commuting: Analyses of Relations and Determinants of Velocity
AbstractBackground: The distance, duration, and velocity of cycling for transport purposes are used in health economic assessments, epidemiological studies, traffic modelling, and planning. It is therefore of value to determine relevant levels for them, and analyze how they relate, as well as to what extent other relevant variables may affect cycling velocities. 1661 cycle commuters (34% males) in Greater Stockholm, Sweden have been studied for that purpose. Methods: The participants were recruited with advertisements. They received questionnaires and individually adjusted maps to draw their normal cycling route. Route distances were measured by a criterion method. Age, sex, weight, height, and cycling durations to work were self-reported. The commuting routes were positioned in relation to inner urban and/or suburban–rural areas. Linear multiple regression analyses were used. Results: Cycling speeds were positively related to commuting distances or durations, being male, of younger age, having higher body weight but lower body mass index (BMI), and using the last digits 1–4 or 6–9 in duration reports (as compared to 0 and 5), as well as cycling in suburban (versus inner urban) areas. Conclusions: The study provides new knowledge about how distance and duration, as well as other factors, relate to the velocity of commuter cycling. It thereby enables the use of more appropriate input values in, for instance, health economic assessments and epidemiological health studies. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Schantz, P. Distance, Duration, and Velocity in Cycle Commuting: Analyses of Relations and Determinants of Velocity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1166.
Schantz P. Distance, Duration, and Velocity in Cycle Commuting: Analyses of Relations and Determinants of Velocity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(10):1166.Chicago/Turabian Style
Schantz, Peter. 2017. "Distance, Duration, and Velocity in Cycle Commuting: Analyses of Relations and Determinants of Velocity." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 10: 1166.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.