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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1166;

Distance, Duration, and Velocity in Cycle Commuting: Analyses of Relations and Determinants of Velocity

Research Unit for Movement, Health and Environment, The Åstrand Laboratory, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, SE-114 86 Stockholm, Sweden
Unit for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden
Received: 17 August 2017 / Revised: 26 September 2017 / Accepted: 26 September 2017 / Published: 2 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Transportation and Health)
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Background: The distance, duration, and velocity of cycling for transport purposes are used in health economic assessments, epidemiological studies, traffic modelling, and planning. It is therefore of value to determine relevant levels for them, and analyze how they relate, as well as to what extent other relevant variables may affect cycling velocities. 1661 cycle commuters (34% males) in Greater Stockholm, Sweden have been studied for that purpose. Methods: The participants were recruited with advertisements. They received questionnaires and individually adjusted maps to draw their normal cycling route. Route distances were measured by a criterion method. Age, sex, weight, height, and cycling durations to work were self-reported. The commuting routes were positioned in relation to inner urban and/or suburban–rural areas. Linear multiple regression analyses were used. Results: Cycling speeds were positively related to commuting distances or durations, being male, of younger age, having higher body weight but lower body mass index (BMI), and using the last digits 1–4 or 6–9 in duration reports (as compared to 0 and 5), as well as cycling in suburban (versus inner urban) areas. Conclusions: The study provides new knowledge about how distance and duration, as well as other factors, relate to the velocity of commuter cycling. It thereby enables the use of more appropriate input values in, for instance, health economic assessments and epidemiological health studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: cycling; commuting; distance; duration; velocity; environment; sex; age; body weight; BMI cycling; commuting; distance; duration; velocity; environment; sex; age; body weight; BMI

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Schantz, P. Distance, Duration, and Velocity in Cycle Commuting: Analyses of Relations and Determinants of Velocity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1166.

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