The Relationship between Phytoplankton Evenness and Copepod Abundance in Lake Nansihu, China
AbstractThe relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning is a central issue in ecology. Previous studies have shown that producer diversity can impact the consumer community via predator-prey interactions. However, direct observations of this relationship remain rare, in particular for aquatic ecosystems. In this research, the relationship between phytoplankton diversity (species richness and evenness) and the abundance of copepods was analyzed in Lake Nansihu, a meso-eutrophic lake in China. The results showed that copepods abundance was significantly decreased with increasing phytoplankton evenness throughout the year. However, both species richness and phytoplankton biomass showed no significant relationship with the abundance of copepods. Canonical correspondence analysis revealed that phytoplankton evenness was negatively correlated with Thermocyclops kawamurai, Cyclops vicinus, Eucyclops serrulatus, Mesocyclops leuckarti, Sinocalanus tenellus, Sinocalanus dorrii, Copepods nauplius, but positively correlated with many Cyanophyta species (Chroococcus minutus, Dactylococcopsis acicularis, Microcystis incerta, Merismopedia tenuissima, Merismopedia sinica and Lyngbya limnetica). Based on our results, phytoplankton evenness was a better predictor of copepods abundance in meso-eutrophic lakes. These results provide new insights into the relationship between diversity and ecosystem functioning in aquatic ecosystems. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Tian, W.; Zhang, H.; Zhao, L.; Xu, X.; Huang, H. The Relationship between Phytoplankton Evenness and Copepod Abundance in Lake Nansihu, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 855.
Tian W, Zhang H, Zhao L, Xu X, Huang H. The Relationship between Phytoplankton Evenness and Copepod Abundance in Lake Nansihu, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(9):855.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tian, Wang; Zhang, Huayong; Zhao, Lei; Xu, Xiang; Huang, Hai. 2016. "The Relationship between Phytoplankton Evenness and Copepod Abundance in Lake Nansihu, China." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 9: 855.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.