Metabolic Influence of Psychrophilic Diatoms on Travertines at the Huanglong Natural Scenic District of China
AbstractDiatoms are a highly diversified group of algae that are widely distributed in aquatic ecosystems, and various species have different nutrient and temperature requirements for optimal growth. Here, we describe unusual psychrophilic diatoms of Cymbella in a travertine deposition environment in southwestern China in winter season. Travertine surfaces are colonized by these psychrophilic diatoms, which form biofilms of extracellular polysaccharide substances (EPS) with active metabolic activities in extremely cold conditions. The travertine in Huanglong, is a typical single crystalline calcite with anisotropic lattice distortions of unit cell parameters along axes of a and c, and this structure is suggestive of some level of metabolic mediation on mineralization. Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (NEXAFS) results further confirmed the occurrence of biogenic distortion of the crystal lattice of travertine calcite. Overall, our results imply that the metabolic influence of psychrophilic diatoms may be particularly important for promoting formation and dissolution of travertine in extremely cold environments of Huanglong. The EPS of psychrophilic diatoms will protect travertine from HCO3− etching and provide template for forming travertine when water re-flowing, in warm season. View Full-Text
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Sun, S.; Dong, F.; Ehrlich, H.; Zhao, X.; Liu, M.; Dai, Q.; Li, Q.; An, D.; Dong, H. Metabolic Influence of Psychrophilic Diatoms on Travertines at the Huanglong Natural Scenic District of China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 13084-13096.
Sun S, Dong F, Ehrlich H, Zhao X, Liu M, Dai Q, Li Q, An D, Dong H. Metabolic Influence of Psychrophilic Diatoms on Travertines at the Huanglong Natural Scenic District of China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(12):13084-13096.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sun, Shiyong; Dong, Faqin; Ehrlich, Hermann; Zhao, Xueqing; Liu, Mingxue; Dai, Qunwei; Li, Qiongfang; An, Dejun; Dong, Hailiang. 2014. "Metabolic Influence of Psychrophilic Diatoms on Travertines at the Huanglong Natural Scenic District of China." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 12: 13084-13096.