Effect of Tetrodotoxin Pellets in a Rat Model of Postherpetic Neuralgia
AbstractPostherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is nerve pain caused by a reactivation of the varicella zoster virus. Medications are used to reduce PHN but their use is limited by serious side effects. Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is a latent neurotoxin that can block neuropathic pain, but its therapeutic index is only 3–5 times with intravenous or intramuscular injection. Therefore, we prepared oral TTX pellets and examined their effect in a rat model of PHN induced by resiniferatoxin (RTX). Oral TTX pellets were significantly effective at preventing RTX-induced mechanical and thermal allodynia, and similar to pregabalin. Moreover, oral administration of TTX pellets dose-dependently inhibited RTX-induced PHN compared with intramuscular administration of TTX injection. We also studied the pharmacokinetic profile of TTX pellets. Our results showed that the blood concentration of TTX reached a maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) at around 2 h, with an elimination half-life time (t1/2) of 3.23 ± 1.74 h after intragastric administration. The median lethal dose (LD50) of TTX pellets was 517.43 μg/kg via oral administration to rats, while the median effective dose (ED50) was approximately 5.85 μg/kg, and the therapeutic index was 88.45. Altogether, this has indicated that oral TTX pellets greatly enhance safety when compared with TTX injection. View Full-Text
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Hong, B.; Sun, J.; Zheng, H.; Le, Q.; Wang, C.; Bai, K.; He, J.; He, H.; Dong, Y. Effect of Tetrodotoxin Pellets in a Rat Model of Postherpetic Neuralgia. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 195.
Hong B, Sun J, Zheng H, Le Q, Wang C, Bai K, He J, He H, Dong Y. Effect of Tetrodotoxin Pellets in a Rat Model of Postherpetic Neuralgia. Marine Drugs. 2018; 16(6):195.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hong, Bihong; Sun, Jipeng; Zheng, Hongzhi; Le, Qingqing; Wang, Changsen; Bai, Kaikai; He, Jianlin; He, Huanghuang; Dong, Yanming. 2018. "Effect of Tetrodotoxin Pellets in a Rat Model of Postherpetic Neuralgia." Mar. Drugs 16, no. 6: 195.
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