Next Article in Journal
Hybrid Multisite Silicon Neural Probe with Integrated Flexible Connector for Interchangeable Packaging
Previous Article in Journal
Template-Based Recognition of Human Locomotion in IMU Sensor Data Using Dynamic Time Warping
Previous Article in Special Issue
Driving Stress Detection Using Multimodal Convolutional Neural Networks with Nonlinear Representation of Short-Term Physiological Signals
Open AccessArticle

Noninvasive Measurement of Tongue Pressure and Its Correlation with Swallowing and Respiration

1
Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, College of Engineering, Chang Gung University, No. 259, Wen-Hwa 1st Road, Kwei-Shan, Tao-Yuan 333, Taiwan
2
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, 5 Fu- Hsing Street, Kwei-Shan, Tao-Yuan 333, Taiwan
3
Graduate Institute of Early Intervention, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, No. 259, Wen-Hwa 1st Road, Kwei-Shan, Tao-Yuan 333, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Enrico G. Caiani
Sensors 2021, 21(8), 2603; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082603
Received: 25 February 2021 / Revised: 31 March 2021 / Accepted: 2 April 2021 / Published: 7 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensing Technologies for Diagnosis, Therapy and Rehabilitation)
Tongue pressure plays a critical role in the oral and pharyngeal stages of swallowing, contributing considerably to bolus formation and manipulation as well as to safe transporting of food from the mouth to the stomach. Smooth swallowing relies not only on effective coordination of respiration and pharynx motions but also on sufficient tongue pressure. Conventional methods of measuring tongue pressure involve attaching a pressure sheet to the hard palate to monitor the force exerted by the tongue tip against the hard palate. In this study, an air bulb was inserted in the anterior oral cavity to monitor the pressure exerted by the extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of the tongue. The air bulb was integrated into a noninvasive, multisensor approach to evaluate the correlation of the tongue pressure with other swallowing responses, such as respiratory nasal flow, submental muscle movement, and thyroid cartilage excursion. An autodetection program was implemented for the automatic identification of swallowing patterns and parameters from each sensor. The experimental results indicated that the proposed method is sensitive in measuring the tongue pressure, and the tongue pressure was found to have a strong positive correlation with the submental muscle movement during swallowing. View Full-Text
Keywords: tongue pressure; air bulb; noninvasive; swallowing correlation; submental muscle tongue pressure; air bulb; noninvasive; swallowing correlation; submental muscle
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Shieh, W.-Y.; Wang, C.-M.; Cheng, H.-Y.K.; Imbang, T.I. Noninvasive Measurement of Tongue Pressure and Its Correlation with Swallowing and Respiration. Sensors 2021, 21, 2603. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082603

AMA Style

Shieh W-Y, Wang C-M, Cheng H-YK, Imbang TI. Noninvasive Measurement of Tongue Pressure and Its Correlation with Swallowing and Respiration. Sensors. 2021; 21(8):2603. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082603

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shieh, Wann-Yun; Wang, Chin-Man; Cheng, Hsin-Yi K.; Imbang, Titilianty I. 2021. "Noninvasive Measurement of Tongue Pressure and Its Correlation with Swallowing and Respiration" Sensors 21, no. 8: 2603. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082603

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop