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Article

Product Integration of Established Crash Sensors for Safety Applications in Lightweight Vehicles

1
Robert Bosch GmbH, Powertrain Solutions, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany
2
Institute of Electronic and Sensor Materials, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
3
Institute for Machine Elements, Design and Manufacturing, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rupak Kharel
Sensors 2021, 21(21), 6994; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21216994
Received: 30 August 2021 / Revised: 12 October 2021 / Accepted: 14 October 2021 / Published: 21 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Connected Vehicles in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS))
The functionality of products increases when more sensors are used. This trend also affects future automobiles and becomes even more relevant in connected and autonomous applications. Concerning automotive lightweight design, carbon fibre-reinforced polymers (CFRP) are suitable materials. However, their drawbacks include the relatively high manufacturing costs of CFRP components in addition to the difficulty of recycling. To compensate for the increased expenditure, the integration of automotive sensors in CFRP vehicle structures provides added value. As a new approach, established sensors are integrated into fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) structures. The sensors are usually mounted to the vehicle. The integration of sensors into the structure saves weight and space. Many other approaches specifically develop new sensors for integration into FRP structures. With the new approach, there is no need for elaborate development of new sensors since established sensors are used. The present research also showed that the range of applications of the sensors can be extended by the integration. The present paper outlines the functional behaviour of the integrated sensor utilized for crashing sensing. First of all, the integration quality of the sensor is relevant. Different requirements apply to the usual mounting of the sensor. The self-sensing structure must fulfil those requirements. Moreover, unfamiliar characteristics of the new surrounding structure might affect the sensing behaviour. Thus, the sensing behaviour of the self-sensing composite was analyzed in detail. The overarching objective is the general integration of sensors in products with reasonable effort. View Full-Text
Keywords: sensor integration; automotive sensors; safety applications; crash sensing; condition detection; lightweight vehicles; composites; fibre-reinforced polymers sensor integration; automotive sensors; safety applications; crash sensing; condition detection; lightweight vehicles; composites; fibre-reinforced polymers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Klein, L.; Joseph, Y.; Kröger, M. Product Integration of Established Crash Sensors for Safety Applications in Lightweight Vehicles. Sensors 2021, 21, 6994. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21216994

AMA Style

Klein L, Joseph Y, Kröger M. Product Integration of Established Crash Sensors for Safety Applications in Lightweight Vehicles. Sensors. 2021; 21(21):6994. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21216994

Chicago/Turabian Style

Klein, Linda, Yvonne Joseph, and Matthias Kröger. 2021. "Product Integration of Established Crash Sensors for Safety Applications in Lightweight Vehicles" Sensors 21, no. 21: 6994. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21216994

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