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Article

Advanced Statistical Analysis of 3D Kinect Data: Mimetic Muscle Rehabilitation Following Head and Neck Surgeries Causing Facial Paresis

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Department of Computing and Control Engineering, University of Chemistry and Technology Prague, 1905/5 Technická, 16628 Praha 6, Czech Republic
2
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University Prague, University Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady, 1150/50 Šrobárova, 10034 Praha 10, Czech Republic
3
Department of Mathematics, University of Chemistry and Technology Prague, 1905/5 Technická, 16628 Praha 6, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2021, 21(1), 103; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21010103
Received: 27 November 2020 / Revised: 19 December 2020 / Accepted: 24 December 2020 / Published: 26 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Sensing in Biomedical Applications)
An advanced statistical analysis of patients’ faces after specific surgical procedures that temporarily negatively affect the patient’s mimetic muscles is presented. For effective planning of rehabilitation, which typically lasts several months, it is crucial to correctly evaluate the improvement of the mimetic muscle function. The current way of describing the development of rehabilitation depends on the subjective opinion and expertise of the clinician and is not very precise concerning when the most common classification (House–Brackmann scale) is used. Our system is based on a stereovision Kinect camera and an advanced mathematical approach that objectively quantifies the mimetic muscle function independently of the clinician’s opinion. To effectively deal with the complexity of the 3D camera input data and uncertainty of the evaluation process, we designed a three-stage data-analytic procedure combining the calculation of indicators determined by clinicians with advanced statistical methods including functional data analysis and ordinal (multiple) logistic regression. We worked with a dataset of 93 distinct patients and 122 sets of measurements. In comparison to the classification with the House–Brackmann scale the developed system is able to automatically monitor reinnervation of mimetic muscles giving us opportunity to discriminate even small improvements during the course of rehabilitation. View Full-Text
Keywords: rehabilitation; House–Brackmann scale; functional data analysis; ordinal classification; Kinect rehabilitation; House–Brackmann scale; functional data analysis; ordinal classification; Kinect
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kohout, J.; Verešpejová, L.; Kříž, P.; Červená, L.; Štícha, K.; Crha, J.; Trnková, K.; Chovanec, M.; Mareš, J. Advanced Statistical Analysis of 3D Kinect Data: Mimetic Muscle Rehabilitation Following Head and Neck Surgeries Causing Facial Paresis. Sensors 2021, 21, 103. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21010103

AMA Style

Kohout J, Verešpejová L, Kříž P, Červená L, Štícha K, Crha J, Trnková K, Chovanec M, Mareš J. Advanced Statistical Analysis of 3D Kinect Data: Mimetic Muscle Rehabilitation Following Head and Neck Surgeries Causing Facial Paresis. Sensors. 2021; 21(1):103. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21010103

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kohout, Jan, Ludmila Verešpejová, Pavel Kříž, Lenka Červená, Karel Štícha, Jan Crha, Kateřina Trnková, Martin Chovanec, and Jan Mareš. 2021. "Advanced Statistical Analysis of 3D Kinect Data: Mimetic Muscle Rehabilitation Following Head and Neck Surgeries Causing Facial Paresis" Sensors 21, no. 1: 103. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21010103

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