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Open AccessArticle

Experimental Study on Glaze Icing Detection of 110 kV Composite Insulators Using Fiber Bragg Gratings

1
School of Electric Power, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(7), 1834; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20071834 (registering DOI)
Received: 23 February 2020 / Revised: 24 March 2020 / Accepted: 24 March 2020 / Published: 26 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fiber Bragg Grating Based Sensors and Systems)
Icing detection of composite insulators is essential for the security and stability of power grids. As conventional methods have met difficulties in harsh weather, a 110 kV composite insulator with embedded Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) was proposed for detecting glaze icing in this paper. FBG temperature compensation sensors in ceramic tubes were adopted for simultaneous measurement of icicle loads and temperature. Then, temperature calibration experiments and simulated icicle load experiments were carried out to obtain temperature and icicle load characteristics of FBGs. The results showed that temperature sensitivities of FBG strain sensors and FBG temperature compensation sensors were 18.16 pm/°C, and 13.18 pm/°C, respectively. Besides, wavelength shifts were linearly related to icicle loads within the polar angle range of −60° to 60°, and the load coefficient of FBG facing the icicle was -34.6 pm/N. In addition, the wavelength shift generated by several icicles was equal to the sum of wavelength shifts generated by each icicle within the polar angle range of −15° to 15°. Finally, icicles can cause wavelength shifts of FBGs within a big shed spacing. The paper provides a novel icing detection technology for composite insulators in transmission lines.
Keywords: Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG); composite insulator with embedded FBGs; glaze icing; icing detection Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG); composite insulator with embedded FBGs; glaze icing; icing detection
MDPI and ACS Style

Wei, J.; Hao, Y.; Fu, Y.; Yang, L.; Gan, J.; Li, H. Experimental Study on Glaze Icing Detection of 110 kV Composite Insulators Using Fiber Bragg Gratings. Sensors 2020, 20, 1834.

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